The problem statement, all variables and given/known data An atom of mass m is bonded to surface immobile body by electromagnetic forces. The force binding the atom to the surface has the expression: [tex] F= exp\ (a\cos z + b\sin z) + d\tan(z) [/tex] where a,b, and d are constants and z is upwards. The equilibrium point is defined to be z=0. The system is subject to Earth's gravity For small oscillations, give an approximate expression for the binding force on the atom. The attempt at a solution Ok so in class we were taught to do the Taylor Series expansion on F(x) and keep the linear term so you can get something that looks like F=-kx . So I got this after doing Taylor Series expansion: where [tex] F' = (-a\sin z + b\cos z) exp\ (a\cos z + b\sin z) + d\sec^2 (z) [/tex] then evaluate at z=0 then final result is : [tex] F(z)= (b exp(a) + d )z [/tex] Since [tex] F(0) [/tex] is always 0 at the equilibrium I took that out of Taylor series and ignored higher order terms. Now I'm not sure if I'm going about this the right way? Can someone please tell me if I did this right or not? Much appreciated I love this forum!