Show the norm ||x|| is less or equal to A|x| for some constant A

Homework Statement

Show that $$\|x\| \leq A|x| \forall x \in \mathbb{R},$$ where $$A \geq 0.$$

Homework Equations

We know the norm is a function $$f: {\mathbb{R}}^{d} \to \mathbb{R},$$ such that:
$$a) f(x) = 0 \iff x = 0,$$
$$b) f(x+y) \leq f(x) + f(y),$$ and
$$c) f(cx) = |c|f(x) \forall c \in \mathbb{R}$$

The Attempt at a Solution

Ugh, I'm completely stumped here, and don't know where to begin. I know that for the Euclidean norm this is trivial, but I don't know how to even begin showing this in general. In particular, I don't see where I could grasp the absolute value (or the dot product), or how to start comparing it to the norm.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

I'll just post a hint : try A=|f(1)|.

Hey, thanks for the hint, although I actually figured it out yesterday a couple of hours after posting I did it via the unit vectors and then expanding upon the properties b) and c). I assume this is what you were going for with the hint, as well, right?

I did it via the unit vectors and then expanding upon the properties b) and c). I assume this is what you were going for with the hint, as well, right?

Yes, I thought on similar lines.