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Significant Figures difficulty

  1. Sep 17, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A newspaper reported an attendance of 15,000. If you assume that this number contains two significant figures, how many people could actually have been at the game?


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I'm having difficulty answering this problem not because I don't know how to use significant figures, but why we use significant figures. My prof says that since 15000 can be represented as [tex]1.5 x 10^4[/tex] the number of people in attendance would range from [tex]1.4 x 10^4[/tex] to [tex]1.6 x 10^4[/tex]. Could someone please explain this to me?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 17, 2009 #2

    mgb_phys

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    If it says 15,000 then rounding off to the nearest 1000 means there was between 14,500 and 15,500.

    Using normal numbers eg 15,000 you don't know if they mean 15,000 to the nearest 1000 or the nearest 1, ie 15,000 rather than 15,001
    By using scientific notation we can show how many of the 0 are significant.

    So 1.5x10^4 (2sig figures) would mean between 1.45x10^4 (14,500) and 1.55x10^4 (15,500) while 1.5000x10^4 (5 sig fig) would mean exactly 15,000
     
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