# Homework Help: Silly limit of a sequence

1. Oct 14, 2009

### ice109

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

find the limit and prove it using $\epsilon$ and $N(\epsilon)$ defn of limits f sequences, of this sequence:

$$x_n = \sqrt{n^2+n}-n$$

i don't know why i'm having so much trouble with this but anyway:

3. The attempt at a solution

let's say i divined that the limit is 1/2
we need to find $N(\epsilon)$ such that $n>N(\epsilon)$ implies

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \sqrt{n^2+n}-n \big| < \epsilon$$

well above implies

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \frac{\sqrt{n^2+n}+n}{\sqrt{n^2+n}+n} \sqrt{n^2+n}-n \big| < \epsilon$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \frac{n}{\sqrt{n^2+n}+n} \big| < \epsilon$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \frac{n}{n\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} \big| < \epsilon$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} \big| < \epsilon$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}-1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} \big| < 2\epsilon$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}-1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} \big| < \epsilon'$$

which implies

$$\big| \frac{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} - \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1}\big| < \epsilon'$$

but

$$\big| \frac{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} - \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1}\big| < \big| 1 - \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}}\big|$$

and by triangle inequality ( i think this is a mistake )

$$\big| 1 - \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}+1} \big| < 1 + \big| \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}} \big|$$

back to the epsilon, above implies we need to find n such that blah blah:

$$1 + \big| \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n}}} \big| < \epsilon'$$

which implies

$$1+ \frac{1}{n} > \frac{1}{(\epsilon - 1)^2}$$

which implies:

$$n > \frac{ (\epsilon - 1)^2 }{1- (\epsilon - 1)^2}$$

so is this valid? intuitively it doesn't look immediately wrong to me? the term on the right is positive and increasing as epsilon gets smaller...

2. Oct 15, 2009

### tiny-tim

Hi ice109!

(nice LaTeX, btw, but you can make it even nicer by typing \left| and \right| for big |s )

Sorry, I lost interest less than half-way through.

Why not use the same technique at the start, by putting √(n2 + n) = n√(1 + 1/n)?

(or maybe compare it with yn = √(n2 + n + 1/4) - n )

3. Oct 15, 2009

### ice109

if you hadn't lost interest you would have noticed i did do the first thing.

and your hint shows that my expression is less than 1/2 but it doesn't help me show that my sequence converges to 1/2 but that's cause i don't know quite how to use it to help me show that.

4. Oct 15, 2009

### aostraff

I've lost interest as well, but I think your:

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \sqrt{n^2+n}-n \big| < \epsilon$$

should be:

$$\big| \frac{1}{2} - \left( \sqrt{n^2+n}-n \right) \big| < \epsilon$$