# Simple differential equation

Two concentric spherical conductors radii a and b are at potentials V1 and 0 respectively. The potential V at a distance x from thier common centre is given by $$\frac{d[x^2\frac{dV}{dx}]}{dx}=0 \\$$. Find V in terms of x, a, b and V1 ( Note V=V1 when x=a and V=0 when x=b).
I just find it difficult to get started on this, I seem not able to separate out the variables dV and x. Thanks for the help.

Well, if (as you've written it) the derivative is 0, then x^2V' would be constant. That is separable.

Do I write down x^2V' =0, then $$x^2 \int dV =0$$

No, you write
$$x^2\frac{dV}{dx} = k(constant)$$

Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
EDIT: Bah, I screwed up somewhere in the latex. arunbg wrote the essential part anyway

Is that constant k not =0? I mean the $$d[x^2\frac{dV}{dx}}] = dx \times 0 = 0 \\$$ In other words where did you get the k. Anyway I have the following $$V=k\int \frac{1}{x^2}dx \\$$.

cristo
Staff Emeritus
You can't separate the original equation like that. You have $$\frac{d}{dx}\left(x^2V'\right)=0$$. Integrating both sides wrt x gives $$\int \frac{d}{dx}\left(x^2V'\right)dx=k \Rightarrow x^2V'=k$$