# Simple math i can't figure out

simple math i can't figure out!!

so i'm trying to do this chemistry problem...i have the answer, but for some reason i can't do the math myself... ive taken calculus but for some reason i just can't get this!

i have from my answer sheet:

(2 R)^2 + (2√2 R)^2 = (2 r + 2 R)^2

therefore
(√3 -1) R = r

r/R = √3 -1 = 0.73

---------------------------------------------

i cannot seem to figure out how to get to r/R ???

when i do the math, i get

4R^2 +8R^2= 4R^2+ 4Rr+ 4Rr+4r^2

which i simplify to

8R^2=8Rr+4r^2

then to 2R^2= 2Rr+r^2

then what?? where on earth does √3 -1 come from???

Related Precalculus Mathematics Homework Help News on Phys.org
two variables, simple math that i cannot solve!

## Homework Statement

I have been able to figure out this problem until I had to do some math simplification. I have the answer in front of me but i cannot seem to understand how they got to the answer that they did.

(2 R)^2 + (2R√2)^2= (2r + 2R)^2

therefore
(√3 -1) R = r

r/R = √3 -1 = 0.73

## The Attempt at a Solution

I have no idea how the heck they solved for r/R to get √3 -1 = 0.73

the furthest i can simplify the expression is down to 2R^2=2Rr+r^2

what other steps do i need to do?! i'm desperate to figure this silly problem out!!!

If you divide that by R^2, you get

(r/R)^2 + 2 (r/R) - 2 = 0

which is a quadratic equation for r/R with two solutions, √3 -1 and -√3 -1.

If r and R are both positive, the second solution is unphysical.

vela
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper

Sometimes it doesn't pay to multiply everything out and combine terms. The variable r appears in only one place in your original equation, and if that pesky 2 in the exponent wasn't there on the RHS, you could easily solve for it. To get rid of the square, you want to take the square root of both sides. So what you want to do is simplify only the left side and then take the square root of both sides of the equation.

Mark44
Mentor

## Homework Statement

I have been able to figure out this problem until I had to do some math simplification. I have the answer in front of me but i cannot seem to understand how they got to the answer that they did.

(2 R)^2 + (2R√2)^2= (2r + 2R)^2

therefore
(√3 -1) R = r

r/R = √3 -1 = 0.73

## The Attempt at a Solution

I have no idea how the heck they solved for r/R to get √3 -1 = 0.73

the furthest i can simplify the expression is down to 2R^2=2Rr+r^2

what other steps do i need to do?! i'm desperate to figure this silly problem out!!!

berkeman
Mentor