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'Simple' vector problem

  1. Nov 11, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    We got this problem in our Physics lecture but maybe it should be in the math section. Anyway, the problem is:

    If [itex]\vec{A}+\vec{B} = 6\hat{i} + \hat{j}[/itex], and if [itex]\vec{A}-\vec{B} = -4\hat{i} + 7\hat{j}[/itex], what is the magnitude of [itex]\vec{A}[/itex]?

    A) 3.0
    B) 4.1
    C) 5.4
    D) 5.8
    E) 8.2


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I drew them out, but other than filling in the angles I'm not quite sure what to do next! I'd appreciate any hints on which direction to go

    2iu7zfc.jpg
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 11, 2011 #2

    BruceW

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    Homework Helper

    I guess you could do it geometrically. But there is a faster way. Think of your two equations, and how you could rearrange them to get [itex]\vec{A}[/itex]
     
  4. Nov 11, 2011 #3
    Ohh, I didn't think of solving them as equations. The answer is 2i + 8j which = 8.2? :)
     
  5. Nov 11, 2011 #4

    BruceW

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    Not quite. When you add both equations together, you get: 2 [itex]\vec{A}[/itex] = 2i + 8j So you need to divide by 2 to get [itex]\vec{A}[/itex]
     
  6. Nov 11, 2011 #5
    I need to stop making stupid mistakes like that! I see the answer is i + 4j = 4.1 now, thank you
     
  7. Nov 11, 2011 #6

    BruceW

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    Homework Helper

    yeah, no worries!
     
  8. Nov 11, 2011 #7

    gneill

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    Staff: Mentor

    To check your result graphically, draw a line segment between the tips of the two vectors you've drawn (A+B and A-B). Bisect that line segment and call the midpoint point C. Draw a vector from the origin to point C. That'll be vector A. The line segment from C to the tip of the A+B vector will be vector B. The negative of B is the line segment from C to the tip of the A-B vector. :smile:
     
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