Sketch Region enclosed

  • Thread starter CellCoree
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  • #1
Sketch the region enclosed by [tex]x+y^2=12[/tex] and [tex]x+y=0[/tex]. Decide whether to integrate with respect to [tex]x[/tex] or [tex]y[/tex]. Then find the area of the region.

first thing i did was solve for x for each equation then set them to each other and got:

found the points of intersection of y at 4,-3
plugged in for y and found the x intersections and got:

(-4,4) & (3,-3) for the points of intersections

ok time to set up the integral with respect to y

[tex]\int (-y) -(12-y^2)[/tex] (a=-3, b=4, don't know how to set those up using latex)

add the terms together to make it more neat...

[tex]\int y^2-y-12[/tex] (a=-3, b=4)


[tex] \frac{y^3}{3} - \frac{y^2}{2} - 12y[/tex] (a=-3,b=4)

[tex] \frac{4^3}{3} - \frac{4^2}{2} - 12(4)[/tex]
subtract the above part by...
[tex] \frac{-3^3}{3} - \frac{-3^2}{2} - 12(-3)[/tex]

and got the answer -57.16667, which i know is way off. what am i doing wrong??
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
Homework Helper
At first glance, i'll say check your signs for the f(b) - f(a).
  • #3
k checked that part and got the same signs, so what is wrong with my answer? did i set up the equation correctly? (is there a Ti-83 plus program i can use to check my answer? or is there any math program for the computer that would do this for me?
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  • #4
well you can integrate in terms of x or try a change of variable, but its easy to get the area directly.

first you have the area enclosed between the straight line y=-x and the horizontal parabola y^2=-x+12. to find the points of intersection substitute y=-x in the parabola ecuation and you will get a second grade ecuation for x that haves the solutions -4 and 3, then in x=-4 and x=3 are the intersections.

second, make a sketch of the situation and think the area of the enclosed region between -4 and 0 is the integral of the parabola minus the integral of the line. and between 0 and 12 are 2 times the integral of the parabola minus a part of this (the two times is simply because with the integral of the parabola you only get the area above x-axis and below the parabola and by symmetry the area between 0 and 12 is the same above x and below x).

third, the part that you must substract is the area enclosed between the y=x x=0 and the parabola that it's trivial to get.

then: where int(([a,b],f(x)) is integral of f(x) between a and b and sqrt square root:



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