1 peice driveshaft is basically a long metal bar or tube that transfers the rotational motion.
2 peice is 2 shafts that are connected by a universal or constant velocity joint.
The slip in tube is basically a collapsable driveshaft. So a tube within a tube (kind of like a telescope).
Suitable materials for driveshafts depends on the torque transmission, it'll have to have a torsional rigidity large enough not to twist itsself apart or collapse. Driveshafts can be used in a bicycle, but i've never seen one in real life.