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SN2 reaction

  1. Dec 8, 2005 #1
    The addition of sodium or potassium iodide catalyzes many SN2 reactions of alkyl chlorides or bromides. Explain.

    I think the reason why it catalyzes many SN2 reactions, has to do with the fact that it is the best leaving group of all the alkyl halides. But why else? Also, is the potassium and sodium the group that brings the iodide into the solution? Or do we use them, because they are cheaper than lets say lithium. Ignore my tangent, and please explain my initial question.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 8, 2005 #2
    The question comes from Williamson's Macroscale and Microscale Organic Experiments. Please respond if you have any ideas.
     
  4. Dec 9, 2005 #3
    Any ideas?
     
  5. Dec 10, 2005 #4

    siddharth

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    I'll say the main reason is because the activation energy of both steps in
    I- + R-Cl ->R-I + Cl- and R-I + OH-->ROH + I-
    is less than the activation energy in
    R-Cl + OH- ---> R-OH + Cl-
    So the rate of the reaction where I- is a catalyst is more.
     
  6. Dec 12, 2005 #5
    You mean, because iodide is a weaker base than chlorine and bromine it can displace the alkyl chloride or bromides???
     
  7. Dec 13, 2005 #6

    GCT

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    also relevant here is that Cl- is further stabilized by water, than I-
     
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