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Solar collector efficiency

  1. Mar 29, 2008 #1
    Hi there,

    As part of my A2 physics coursework investigation, i want to calculate the efficiency of an aluminium canister modelled as a solar collector.

    The basic set up of the apparatus is:

    - Lamp (40W light bulb) at a fixed distance of 5cm away from the aluminium canister (which is painted black, and the half of the canister not being penetrated by light is covered with insulating material - carpetty)

    What measurements need to be taken? Can you provide me with a step-by-step guide of how to calculate the efficiency with equations.

    Thanks a lot!
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 29, 2008 #2


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    You want a step by step guide of how to do your coursework with equations?

    How about reading your recommended text and talking to your teacher?
  4. Mar 29, 2008 #3
    No its not actually my coursework investigation, and isnt really required, but i want to do this anyway...

    Its not in the textbooks, nor the A2 syllabus, but it shows that i have researched, which i have...
  5. Mar 29, 2008 #4


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    No-one's going to give you a step by step guide of how to do an experiment. Ask a specific question about something you're unable to grasp.

    Efficiency = useful power output / total power input

    What is your useful output? Heat?
    Last edited: Mar 29, 2008
  6. Mar 29, 2008 #5
    A common calculation related to the intensity of a light source is to figure that a detector gathers some of the source's energy on a particular surface area, and that area is a known fraction of the area of an imaginary sphere surrounding the source and capturing all of its energy. A common astronomy exercise is: a detector orbiting the earth measures electromagnetic radiation from the sun to be 1370 watts per square meter, now, using a reference table to obtain the distance from the earth to the sun, imagining the sun to be enclosed by a sphere whose radius is the sun-earth distance, we can determine that the sun puts a total of 3.8 X 10^26 watts.
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