Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Solution of the good PDE ?

  1. Jan 8, 2012 #1


    User Avatar

    Solution of the good PDE ???

    Find the solution of u of the equation

    u_x + x u_y = u + x if u(x,0)=x^2,x>0.
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 12, 2012 #2
    Re: Solution of the good PDE ???

    The general solution to your PDE is

    [itex]u(x,y) = -1-x+e^x F(x^2-2y),[/itex]

    where F is an arbitrary function.

    Your boundary condition leads to

    [itex]F(t) = (1+t^{1/2}+t)exp(-t^{1/2}),[/itex]

    where [itex]t=x^2-2y.[/itex]
  4. Jan 12, 2012 #3


    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Re: Solution of the good PDE ???

    I'm not the original poster, but nice. May I know which method you used to obtain the general solution? Thank you!
  5. Jan 13, 2012 #4
    Re: Solution of the good PDE ???

    The main idea: If the homogeneous DE

    [itex]\alpha(x,y)\frac{\partial s(x,y)}{\partial x}+\beta(x,y)\frac{\partial s(x,y)}{\partial x}=0[/itex]

    is solvable (it is sufficient to find any particular solution), then DE of the following type

    [itex]\alpha(x,y)\frac{\partial p(x,y)}{\partial x}+\beta(x,y)\frac{\partial p(x,y)}{\partial x}=\xi(x,y)p(x,y)+f(x,y)[/itex]

    is solvable (at least formally) too. And general solution for p(x,y) can be found in principle from s(x,y) by means of only algebraic manipulations.

    For given DE first of all we have to reduce the homogeneous part of initial DE

    [itex]\frac{\partial u(x,y)}{\partial x}+x\frac{\partial u(x,y)}{\partial x}-u(x,y)=0[/itex]

    to ([itex] u=\exp(v)[/itex])

    [itex]\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x}+x\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x}-1=0.[/itex]

    The (particular) polynomial solution of homogeneous part of the last DE

    [itex]\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x}+x\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x}=0.[/itex]

    is [itex] v(x,y)=x^2-2y[/itex], so its general solution is [itex] v(x,y)=F(x^2-2y).[/itex]

    To find general solutions for DEs on the way back it is quite enough here to seek particular solutions of nonhomogeneous DEs in forms [itex] v(x,y)=a(x),u(x,y)=b(x)[/itex].
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook