# Solve cos

1. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

1.Solve 2 cos(theta)+8cos(theta)+4=0 for 0≤theta≤2π

2. Relevant equations

3. (3cosTheta+2)(cosTheta+2)=0
cosTheta=-2/3 = 2.3 cosTheta=-2(no solution)
Solutions are at 3.9 and 2.4

Would someone be kind enough to check please?

2. Jan 31, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

Are you missing an exponent in your first equation?
Assuming that's the case, some of the work you show is confusing and incorrect.

3. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

Sorry. There is a typo. The original problem is:
3cos - not 2 cos from the beginning of the problem.

4. Jan 31, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

There is probably another typo, too, since I think you meant 3cos2(theta) in your equation.

5. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

I'M not sure what you mean.
The original problem is as follows: in full:
3cos2Theta+8cosTheta+4-0

6. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

The original problem is as follows: in full:
3cos2Theta+8cosTheta+4-0

7. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

The original problem is as follows: in full:
3cos2Theta+8cosTheta+4=0

8. Jan 31, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

This is what you wrote:

9. Jan 31, 2010

### lemon

Yes it was a typo. The 2 should have been a 3

10. Feb 3, 2010

### lemon

Yes. Your right Mark. I totally messed that up. Excuse me.
It should have been the following. Let me start again.

3cos2x+8cosx+4 0≤x≤2π
(3cosx+2)(cosx+2)
cosx=-2/3 = 2.3 cox=-2 (no solution)

solutions are at: 2.3 and 2π-2.3=3.98

How's that?

11. Feb 3, 2010

### HallsofIvy

Yes, putting x= 2.3 into the equation gives .00156 which is correct to two significant figures which is what you appear to be using.

12. Feb 3, 2010

### vela

Staff Emeritus
Just to reiterate what Mark said earlier...don't write

cos x = -2/3 = 2.3

-2/3 obviously doesn't equal 2.3, and cos x isn't equal to 2.3 either. It's very, very sloppy notation, and it probably annoys whoever's grading your homework.

13. Feb 3, 2010

### lemon

So, the only thing you wanted to comment on was, well, just to complain really?

14. Feb 3, 2010

### lemon

I'm sorry Hallsofivy. I don't understand what you mean by putting 2.3 into the equation. The solutions are already found on the cos graph at 2.3 and 3.98, aren't they?
Perhaps, my study and homework isn't going to the next stage, or something. Not sure. But this is all we have been asked/shown to do. Just to find the other solutions on the graphs, having the first.

15. Feb 3, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

You're supposed to be solving the equation analytically, not by looking at a graph. What HallsOfIvy was saying was that x = 2.3 is close to the actual solution, since substituting that value into your original equation doesn't give 0, but a number that's reasonably close to 0. That solution is closer to 2.3005.

16. Feb 3, 2010

### lemon

ok. I understand. Thanks. But we haven't been shown that. We are told to just draw the graph and find the corresponding points/solutions. So, 2.3 would be the right answer for me. thanks for the help.

17. Feb 3, 2010

### vela

Staff Emeritus
I'd say it's not so much a complaint than constructive criticism. What you wrote is just blatantly incorrect. I suspect you're thinking, "Who cares? You knew what I meant," but it's like writing a sentence full of grammatical errors. The reader might be able to figure out what you meant, but it still makes you look illiterate. On a more practical note, some graders will nail you for writing stuff like that. Many, especially in math courses, do care how you use the notation even though they know what you meant. Others just aren't willing to put the effort into figuring out what you meant; they'll just glance at what you wrote, decide it looks like nonsense, and mark you off.

It's not exactly difficult to write "cos x=-2/3 -> x=2.3"; it's just an arrow and an X more than what you wrote. So why not just write it correctly and clearly?

18. Feb 3, 2010

### lemon

Why not try to be a little more sensitive in your original "constructive" criticism. It's not exactly difficult to write a few damping words. It's just a "why don't you" or "perhaps it would be more appropriate" more than you wrote.
I will of course take it as constructive criticism, and duly thank you for your guidance.
Good night.

19. Feb 3, 2010

### Staff: Mentor

It would have been useful for us to know that you were supposed to find the solutions graphically.

20. Feb 3, 2010

### Mentallic

Vela's criticism should be much more welcoming to you than a grader's response would be. If I were to write what you did I wouldn't expect anything more than for it to be wrong.

Look at it again:

cosx=-2/3=2.3

This suggests cosx=-2/3, cosx=2.3 and -2/3=2.3
Obviously it's not right and skipping on writing an extra few symbols, specifically x=2.3, suggests laziness on your behalf. Be sure to develop proper habits early on :tongue: