# Solving MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients: Help Requested

• MATLAB
• christy
In summary, the author is asking for help with a 2nd order linear system. They reduced the system to 1st order and are having difficulty solving it with matrix coefficients. However, there are other methods available.
christy
Hi,

I have tried everything to figure this out in MATLAB and I can't so I was wondering if anyone could help me please.

I have a 2nd order linear system that I reduced to 1st order such that
q = dz/dt
and A.(dq/dt) = Gq(t) + f(t)

where A and G are matrices...I can't figure out how to solve this in MATLAB with having matrix coefficients. Can someone please give me some hints?

A and G are generated matrices and are constant for this problem.

Thanks

You can solve systems of equations and systems of systems of equations the same way.

If q is size N x 1, and z is size N x 1, then define
y = [q; z] which is size 2N x 1
Using a simple forward Euler scheme,
y[n+1] = y[n] + dt*[f1(q,z,t(n)) ; f2(q,z,t(n))]
where f2 = q[n] and f1 = inv(A)*(G*q[n] + f(tn))
G is size N x N, q is N x 1, and f is N x 1, so [f1; f2] is size 2N x 1, just like y. So all the sizes work fine. You're just solving one really big system. Then you can make some operator C which is size 1 x N to pick out the ouput you want, like z_1(t), or whatever.

Alternatively, you could keep the two equations separate and solve
q[n+1] = q[n] + dt*inv(A)*(G*q[n] + f(tn))
and
z[n+1] = z[n] + dt*(q[n])

Now you're solving two systems, each size N x 1.

If you still don't like that, you can break up q and z into N equations each.
Since q = [q_1; q_2; q_3;...;q_N], you can write it as
q_1[n+1] = q_1[n]+dt*((inv(A)*G)(1,:)*q[n]+inv(A)f_1(tn))
q_2[n+1] = q_2[n]+dt*((inv(A)*G)(2,:)*q[n]+inv(A)f_2(tn))
.
.
.
and do the same for z to get 2N individual equations to solve.

So the bottom line is, you can either stick all of your equations, each of which may be working on a vector, into one giant vector and solve that, or you can break it up into any number of equations and solve them all individually stepping through time.

Last edited:
Dear all,
I have a equation that goes like this...
d^2/dt^2[x] + f(t) x - gamma * d/dt [x] where f(t) is a function of t. I have a numerical form of f(t), but no analytical form, so i want to pass this whole vector into my function...but I am able to pass only a single value...My program is as follows,

Main.m
clear all
close all;
clc;
s1 = input('Input File name without any *.txt extention :','s');
input_file_name = [s1 '.txt'];

time = Data(:,1)'; % Convert to row vecor
init = [0,0.5*2*pi]; % Initial condition
f =1.42E27*Data(:,2); % f(t) -- only numerical form is available

[t,y]=ode45(@eqn,time,init,[],f); % If u remove f from here and write this as %exp(-t/2E-12) inside the fun eqn.m, then, it works
plot(t,y(:,1))

eqn.m
function rk = eqn(t,y,f)
gamma= 2*pi*0.1E12;
rk = [y(2); - (f y(1)) -gamma*y(2)];

Could anyone help me out to solve this problem...

with best regards
kamaraju

## What is MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients?

MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients is a method of solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using a matrix representation of the coefficients. This approach is particularly useful for systems of ODEs with multiple variables.

## How does MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients work?

In this method, the coefficients of the ODE are represented as a matrix, and the ODE is transformed into a matrix equation. This matrix equation can then be solved using MATLAB's built-in functions, such as the "ode45" function.

## What are the advantages of using MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients?

Using this method can often lead to more efficient and accurate solutions compared to other numerical methods. It also allows for easy integration with other MATLAB functions and programs.

## What types of ODEs can be solved using MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients?

This method can be used to solve a wide range of ODEs, including linear and nonlinear systems, first-order and higher-order equations, and equations with constant or variable coefficients.

## Are there any limitations to using MATLAB ODE with Matrix Coefficients?

While this method is powerful and versatile, it may not be suitable for all types of ODEs. Additionally, it may require some familiarity with MATLAB and matrix operations to effectively use this approach.

• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
4
Views
2K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
6
Views
2K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
12
Views
3K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
6
Views
2K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
1
Views
2K
• Mechanical Engineering
Replies
3
Views
1K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
8
Views
2K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
1
Views
1K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
1
Views
2K
• MATLAB, Maple, Mathematica, LaTeX
Replies
8
Views
2K