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Some basic homework help

  • #1
Can anyone help me solve these two problems?
1. A tank of compressed air of volume 1.0 m^3 is pressurized to 40 atm at T= 273. A valve is opened and air is released until the pressure in the tank is 23.0 atm. How many air molecules were released?

2. About how long will it take a perfume molecule to diffuse a distance of 7.00 m in one direction in a room if the diffusion constant is 1.00 x 10^-5 m^2/s? Assume that the air is perfectly still- there are no air currents.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
ShawnD
Science Advisor
668
1
Originally posted by merrymanjane
Can anyone help me solve these two problems?
1. A tank of compressed air of volume 1.0 m^3 is pressurized to 40 atm at T= 273. A valve is opened and air is released until the pressure in the tank is 23.0 atm. How many air molecules were released?
Use the formula
PV = nRT

P is pressure (pascals or kilopascals, I can't remember), V is volume in litres, n is the number of moles, R is the gas constant, T is temperature in kelvin
Figure out how many moles of air molecules were there at start then how much after. Just subtract the two.
 
  • #3
166
0
P should be in atmospheres.
 
  • #4
ShawnD
Science Advisor
668
1
Depends which R you use.
 
  • #5
374
2
Use Pascals and 8.31 for R
 

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