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A Some questions on correlations

  1. Aug 12, 2016 #1

    ChrisVer

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    Gold Member

    I am always confused when reading about correlation between uncertainties.
    I have some basic questions:
    1. Can statistical and systematic uncertainties be correlated? [Well they can but I don't understand how this can be interpreted]
    2. What are correlations telling us ? obviously a correlation is not giving us any relation [or causation].
    3. One example which has confused me:
    the transverse momentum of charged particles in ATLAS for example can be measured by looking at the charged particle trajectories within the magnetic field.
    The magnetic field's uncertainty [itex]\sigma_B[/itex] is then common for all particles, and this makes their transverse momenta measurement correlated. How does this affect the analyses?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 12, 2016 #2

    Stephen Tashi

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    It's difficult to answer questions about "uncertainties" from the point of view of a forum on "Set Theory, Logic, Probablity, Statistics" because "uncertainties" in laboratory experiments seems to be a topic that results from an interaction between mathematics and bureaucracy. For example, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3387884/ says:

    ....
    ....
    but also says:
    I suppose a bureaucratic document needs feel no shame in applying the term "uncertainty" to "corrections of systematic errors" while also saying that systematic errors are "are generally evaluated by non-statistical procedures". However that kind of language renders the relation of "systematic uncertainties" to anything defined in statistics completely ambiguous.

    People doing a specific experiments probably figure out how to apply bureaucratic standards in reporting their work by copying what predecessors have done or by negotiating with the people that write the standards.


    I know what "correlated" means from the viewpoint of "Set Theory, Logic, Probability, Statistics". It is a term that is applicable to random variables. But what do bureaucratic documents mean by "correlated"?

    The existence of a non-zero correlation between two random variables tells us they are not independent. If the random variables represent "noise" added to deterministic variables that are approximately related by a linear function then the correlation tells us something about the slope of linear function. If the deterministic variables are related by a very non-linear function, what correlation tells us is not clear.

    Some other forum member may be familiar with what "the analysis" is. Is the physics complicated ?
     
  4. Aug 13, 2016 #3

    chiro

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    Hey ChrisVer.

    Correlation acts on a random variable (or random vector to be a bit more precise) and that vector can contain any distribution.

    You can correlate things that are not just raw value data like uncertainties but the data itself will have that structure.

    If you have vectors of uncertainties then you can correlate them.

    Usually though - the way to assess relations between variances and uncertainties in general is via the correlation and/or covariance "matrix" in a general capacity.
     
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