1. Apr 8, 2007

acidic strength is directly proportional or indirectly proportional to hydration energy ??

and

how to find that anion formed by aicd is stable or not??

Thanks!!

2. Apr 10, 2007

chemisttree

What do you mean by "hydration energy"?

Acidic strength is proportional to the amount of hydronium ion formed by a given amount of the acid. It is also defined as the activity (rather than the amount) of the hydrogen ion. All acids that form in an aqueous system can only produce an acid of the same strength as hydronium ion. In non-aqueous systems, the nature of the anion and the nature of the stabilization of the proton in solution determine the strength of the acid. Search "Olah, acids, superacids" for more detail.

The stability of the anion formed by the acid is usually determined by the acidity itself! The more acidic... the more stable. The more completely dissociated... the more stable.

3. Apr 10, 2007

pixel01

So how about concentrated nitric acid? How do we calculate its acidic strength?

4. Apr 11, 2007

chemisttree

Strength as a function of concentration is done in the usual way... molarity of nitric acid. Strength expressed as an activity (appropriate for pH) is molality multiplied by the activity coefficient.

Most concentrated nitric acid is sold as 70% solution in water although concentrations of greater than 90% can be obtained as well.