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Sound wave problem

  1. Apr 8, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A rock group is playing in a club. Sound emerging
    outdoors from an open door spreads uniformly in
    all directions. If the decibel level is 70 dB at a dis-
    tance of1.0 m from the door,at what distance is the
    music just barely audible to a person with a normal
    threshold ofhearing? Disregard absorption.

    Given:
    dB1 = 70 dB
    r1 = 1.0 m

    Unknowns:
    I1 = ?
    r2 = ?
    Io = 10^-12 W/m^2

    dB1 is the decibel level at a distance of 1m from the door. r1 is distance from the door. I1 is intensity at a distance 1m (r1) from the door. Io is threshold of hearing, at a distance of r2 (unknown) from the door.
    2. Relevant equations
    dB = 10 log(I/Io)
    I = P/A = P/4πr^2


    3. The attempt at a solution
    db = 10 log(I/Io)
    70 = 10 log(I/Io)
    7log10 = log(I/Io)
    10^7 = I/Io
    10^-12 * 10^7 = I

    I1 = 10^-5 W/m^2 -> Intensity 1

    I1 = P/A
    10^-5 = P/(4π)
    P = 1.3 x 10^-4 W

    Now I used the same equation to find r of threshold of hearing:

    Io = P/A
    10^-12 = (1.3 x 10^-4)/(4πr^2)

    r = sqrt([1.3x10^-4]/[10^-12x4π]) = 3216 m

    This is what I got for r, but it just doesn't seem reasonable. Is this the correct answer? Have I done something wrong?

    Thank you, and please do tell if my work is incomprehensible.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 8, 2008 #2

    nrqed

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    I did not check every numerical value but your reasoning is completely correct. Sounds good.

    It's not surprising that calculations like this give distances that seem to be way too large compared to what we expect in real life. The reason is that th ecalculation neglect all absorption of energy by the air which is always present in real life (the air gets heated up a little, etc). It's one of those calculation where neglecting air friction is a very bad approximation (like when we calculate trajectories of projectiles and we neglect air friction..we get results that are completely different from real life observations).
     
  4. Apr 8, 2008 #3
    Oh, I see. Thanks nrged. :-)
     
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