Spacing between atoms.

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Hi, I've got the following problem:

    Calculate the spacing between atoms of an ideal gas at a temperature of 273K and a pressure of 1atm.

    2. Relevant equations

    Mean free path equation:

    ʎ = 1 / 4(pi)(n)(σ²)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I first used the ideal gas equation PV =nRT to get n/V and thus I got 2.67 x 10^25 particles/m^3.

    But I dont know how I can find the radius of the atom. Am I using the wrong equation to get the spacing between atoms?

  2. jcsd
  3. mgb_phys

    mgb_phys 8,809
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    If you consider the spacing between the centres of the atoms - you don't really need the size of the atom.
    Take a look at the answer and you will see that the size of an atom (0.1nm) is tiny compared to the spacing.
  4. I dont quite understand you. Do you mean just assuming the radius of the atom is 0.1nm and then using the mean free path equation to get the spacing between atoms? If so wouldn't that give me a spacing between atoms very similar to its radius.
  5. fluidistic

    fluidistic 3,336
    Gold Member

    I don't think so. mgb_phys wanted you to consider the atoms as points without any length and see the distance between them. You will find this distance rather large compared to the radius of an atom. (around 0.1 nm).
    That's what I understand from mgb_phys.
  6. Does this mean (n)^(1/3) which equals 3x10^8 and hence spacing between atoms is 3.3nm?

    So what really is the difference between the mean free path and spacing between atoms?

  7. mgb_phys

    mgb_phys 8,809
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    A mole at stp is 22.4litres.
    So you have 6 10^23 atoms/22.4litres = 2x10^19 atoms/cc
    Or roughly 3million atoms per cm = 3nm apart.

    A typical atom is roughly 0.1nm in diameter so the size of the atom doesn't really matter compared to the spacing.
  8. may i know does all these apply to solid?
    quest: est the atomic spacing of the iron atoms.atomic mass 55.9u,density of iron found in quest is 6.585g/cm^3.
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