1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Special Relativity I NEED HELP

  1. Aug 10, 2006 #1
    Special Relativity I NEED HELP ASAP!!!

    Find the speed and momentum of a proton (m=1.67*10^-27) that has been accelerated through a potential difference of 2000MV. Give your answers to three sig figs. Ans: .948c and 1.49*10^-18kg m/s

    I keep trying different ways to get this, but keep getting different answers. How do you go about this problem? I need an answer ASAP because I leave in 15 minutes to take an exam.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 10, 2006 #2

    Hootenanny

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    It's a bit late to be revising for an examination now, your best just trying to relax about it. However, this question is fairly straight forward. Do you know the expression for relativistic kinetic energy? Use this to find the velocity of the particle, then use the relativistic expression for momentum to find the moment of the proton.
     
  4. Aug 10, 2006 #3

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Use: [tex]KE = E - m_0c^2 = (\gamma -1)m_0c^2 [/tex]

    AM
     
  5. Aug 10, 2006 #4
    Is 2000MV equal to the KE then?? How do you find KE to use that to find v? ANd I have studied for a week... I just couldnt get this one problem when I was reviewing this morning.
     
  6. Aug 10, 2006 #5

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Yes, the 2000mV is the KE. Use that to determine the [itex]\gamma[/itex]. That will allow you to determine v using:

    [tex]\gamma = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-v^2/c^2}}[/tex]

    AM
     
    Last edited: Aug 10, 2006
  7. Aug 10, 2006 #6

    Hootenanny

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    You must first convert the 2000MV into Joules, i.e. find the work done on the proton. Recall the voltage is defined as the work done per unit charge; thus, the energy supplied to the proton would be the product of the potential difference in volts and the charge of the proton in coulombs. Do you follow?
     
  8. Aug 10, 2006 #7
    That's where I went wrong... I kept putting 2000MV into the KE and got the wrong answers.... but I have to convert it to J. Thanks!
     
  9. Aug 10, 2006 #8

    Hootenanny

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Yeah, thats right, an easy slip to make (I've done it myself a few times). Good luck with your exam. :smile:
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Special Relativity I NEED HELP
Loading...