Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Stability of nucleus

  1. Jun 10, 2015 #1
    Hi There!
    How a neutron is able to make a nucleus stable?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 10, 2015 #2
    A neutron doesn't make a nucleus stable.
    Normal hydrogen contains only a single proton, it has no neutron, and it is stable.
    Most, probably all, elements (including hydrogen) have isotopes.
    These are variations of chemically the same element possessing different numbers of neutrons.
    Some isotopes are stable (relatively long half life), others are less stable and can have very short half lives.
     
    Last edited: Jun 10, 2015
  4. Jun 10, 2015 #3
    The strong force holds the nucleus together, but the coulomb force pushes it apart.
    The oversimplified explanation is that the coulomb force between protons is too strong for the strong force between them to hold it together, so it needs some neutrons, which have strong force attraction, but no charge.
     
  5. Jun 10, 2015 #4

    mathman

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Stable isotopes are just that. Their half lives are (as far as we know) infinite. There are models which predict proton decay, but there is no evidence for it.
     
  6. Jun 11, 2015 #5
    Just curious, are there any elements which have more than one stable isotope,
    (given the definition of 'stable' as meaning infinite, or at least immeasurably long half life)
     
  7. Jun 11, 2015 #6

    jtbell

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

  8. Jun 11, 2015 #7

    mathman

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    For starters - H1, H2, He3, He4, Li6, Li7.
     
  9. Jun 11, 2015 #8

    Vanadium 50

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Education Advisor

    Tin has ten stable isotopes.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Stability of nucleus
  1. Charge of a nucleus (Replies: 2)

  2. Helicopter stability? (Replies: 26)

  3. Electrons in nucleus (Replies: 3)

  4. Structure of nucleus (Replies: 1)

Loading...