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Star formation rates z=6 to z=10

  1. Oct 26, 2005 #1


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    Authors: Rychard J. Bouwens (UCSC), Garth D. Illingworth (UCSC)
    Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures. Conference proceedings for The Fabulous Destiny of Galaxies: Bridging Past and Present, Marseille, June 2005

    HST ACS and NICMOS data are now of sufficient depth and areal coverage to place strong constraints on the formation and evolution of galaxies during the first 1-2 Gyrs of the universe. Of particular interest are galaxies at z~6 since they represent the earliest epoch accessible by current high-efficiency optical instrumentation. To this end, we have constructed a sample of 506 z~6 objects from all the deepest wide-area HST data (UDF, UDF-Parallel, and GOODS fields). They have been used to construct an optimal determination of the rest-frame continuum UV LF at z~6. Our LF extends to over 3 magnitudes below L*, fainter than has been done at z~3. Over the interval z~6 to z~3, we find strong evidence for evolution in the UV LF. Though constraints on the faint-end slope remain modest (and are consistent with no-evolution), the characteristic luminosity appears to have approximately doubled over the interval z~6 to z~3, consistent with hierarchical expectations. Remarkably, this shift to lower luminosities extends to even higher redshifts. Using all deep J+H NICMOS observations (800 orbits in total), we have been able to demonstrate that the bright end of the LF (>0.3L*) is at least 5 times lower at z~10 than at z~4, with a similar deficit being established from our recent detections and first statistical sample of z~7-8 galaxies using our UDF NICMOS data. In these proceedings, we discuss what is known about the UV LF and UV luminosity density at z~6-10 from current data and its evolution relative to z~3. We also describe several exciting prospects for advance in this area over the next year.
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 26, 2005 #2


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    I can't wait for the high sensitivity WFC3 and NIRCam :biggrin:
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