# Stargate Atlantis/ pressure and fluids

• chris_p_2005
In summary, the conversation is about the possibility of using a stargate to suck air from one place to another. The participants discuss various equations and theories related to this idea, including the Bernoulli and Poiseuille equations, and the impact it would have on a star. They also mention the use of a stargate underwater and the potential for losing the Earth's atmosphere. The conversation ends with a personal anecdote about how one participant became a physics major.

#### chris_p_2005

Hi,
This isn't exactly a homework question, but it is about what I once did in class and about something I was thinking about while I was watching tv (hey I'm thinking about physics in my spare time!).
If you watch stargate atlantis, you'll know that they can create a gate in one place and go through it coming out somewhere else. I was thinking; what if they opened one up accidentally in space- then all the air would be sucked through from the planet into space. What I was trying to work out was how long it would take for say 10% of the air from the planet to be sucked through. I remember from class an equation for pressure and fluid speed (bernoullis?)- could I use this and the pressure difference between the two sides of the gate to work it out?

using: P=1/2[p]v^2 (with P=pressure, [p]=density and v=speed)

and V=Avt (V=volume of air)

so substituting for the speed and rearranging it would take time
t= V/A(2P/[p])^1/2
can anyone tell me if this seems right?

I'm not sure if I'm using the right equation to start with, because if I rearrange it to get v=(2P/[p])^1/2 and put in some values, I get v~ 450 m/s
-faster than the speed of sound- would the air really go that fast??

If I put in the other values (V=10% of atmosphere, for Earth size planet~10^18m^3), A~20m^2, P~10^5 Pa, [p]~1 kg/m^3
I work out time t for about 10^14 seconds or about 3 million years!
Again, can anyone tell me if I worked this out correctly? I realize that the pressure wouldn't stay constant though, so would I use an integral for a more accurate answer?

thanks for reading all the way through! I enjoy using the physics I've learned to try and figure stuff out for myself- it'd be great to hear that I was on the right tracks with this one

The Earth's atmosphere is open to space still the air is not geting sucked, Why?
Think...

uh...gravity?

What i was really getting at with the post though was asking about what the speed of a fluid would be through an opening that had a pressure difference across it.

go through Bernoulli’s equation if viscosity is negligible otherwise Poiseuille's equation

If you want an approximation of the right answer, take into account the fact that the speed of sound is about 1000 feet per second. You won't find any air flow faster than that. Take the area of the stargate, multiply it by 1000 feet per second. The result is a volume per second. Divide the volume of the Earth's atmosphere by that figure. The result is a lot less than the time required to suck the air off the earth, but it will give you a nice order of magnitude.

I bet it will be a very long time.

Carl

Chris,

I was thinking; what if they opened one up accidentally in space- then all the air would be sucked through from the planet into space.

That is essentially the principle Samantha Carter used to blow up a star! She sent a stargate into a star and the loss of mass caused the star to nova with the immediate benefit that it vaporized the Goa'uld fleet. I was impressed that it only took a few minutes - in the show! :)

A stargate would reduce the mass of a star making it less likely to nova.

I worked out the time required to suck the Earth's atmosphere out through a stargate and I got 60 million years. Since a star is a lot hotter, the mass rate would be faster. But the Earth's atmosphere is tiny compared to the earth, and the Earth is tiny compared to a star, so putting a stargate on a star would have essentially no effect on the star. I'm going to guess that the time required to suck out half the star would be far, far in excess of the maximum lifetime of a star. Anyone want to work out the figures?

Carl

The "theory" was that by reducing the mass, gravity was no longer able to balance with the pressure.

Interesting. But attaching a stargate would also reduce the pressure. I wonder which would dominate, in terms of causing a star to go nova.

Here's the figures for how fast you could reduce the mass of our sun using a stargate with a diameter of 4 meters:

Temperature = $$14\times10^6 K$$
KE average = $$\frac{3}{2}kT = 29\times10^{-17}J$$
Mass Proton = $$1.67 \times 10^{-27} kg$$
Typical velocity = Sqrt(2 KE/Mass) = $$4.1 \times 10^5 m/sec$$
Specific Gravity = $$1.4$$
Stargate Area = $$4 \pi = 12.6 m^2$$
Mass flow rate = Vel. X Density X Area = $$7.4 \times 10^5 kg/sec$$
Mass sun = $$2 \times 10^{30} kg$$

Time to exhaust sun = Mass/Flow rate = $$3.7 \times 10^{25} sec$$
= 1,200,000 trillion years

To make a substantial change in the sun's mass, for example to reduce it by 1%, would therefore require many thousands of trillions of years.

I suppose that in the Stargate future, mankind has solved the energy problem...

Carl

Well if you remember from the Stargate: SG-1 episode "Watergate" where a gate is underwater. The gate has a built in function that stops ambient matter from traveling through the gate.

I <3 this board. Physics and Stargates, what's next?

However, if you did have a non-sci-fi wormhole without any mystical ancient alien devices to make everything work nicely, and you had an exit in space and an entrance on Earth, you should be able to detect a noticeable flow of air, even if you wouldn't have to worry about losing the atmosphere.

Carl,

would therefore require many thousands of trillions of years.

Yes, but with budget and time constraints and the limited attention span of viewers you have to prune it down to a one hour episode! Besides, no one wants to see Amanda Tapping look quite that old! :)

FluxCapacitator said:
Physics and Stargates, what's next?

As it turns out, I got converted from being a math major to being a physics major because of a physics problem in Larry Niven's "Ringworld" series. It had to do with the fact that a ringworld is dynamically unstable. Niven ended up having to write a sequel taking into account the instability:

After I worked out the instability, I was hooked and decided to switch from mathematics to physics. I had a BS in math when I decided to switch majors. So while I was working on an MS in math, I took enough classes in physics to get myself admitted to physics grad school.

Carl

## 1. How does the stargate in Stargate Atlantis work?

The stargate in Stargate Atlantis utilizes a complex system of quantum mechanics and wormhole technology to create a stable wormhole between two points in space. By manipulating the gate's nine chevrons and inputting specific coordinates, the gate can establish a connection with another stargate and allow for instantaneous travel between the two locations.

## 2. Can the stargate be used for time travel?

No, the stargate in Stargate Atlantis is not capable of time travel. While it can transport individuals and objects across great distances, it does not have the ability to manipulate time. However, there have been instances where the stargate has been used to travel to alternate realities or parallel dimensions.

## 3. How does pressure affect the human body when traveling through a stargate?

Traveling through a stargate involves passing through a wormhole, which can subject the body to intense changes in pressure. However, the stargate is equipped with a buffer zone that helps to stabilize the pressure and prevent harm to the traveler. Additionally, the human body is capable of adapting to changes in pressure, so the effects are minimal and temporary.

## 4. What role do fluids play in the operation of a stargate?

Fluids, specifically liquid naquadah, are a crucial component in the operation of a stargate. The naquadah is used to power the gate and maintain its stability during travel. It is also used to create the wormhole itself, as it is converted into energy by the gate's dialing mechanism. Without fluids, the stargate would not be able to function.

## 5. Is it possible for a stargate to malfunction or cause harm to those traveling through it?

While stargate technology is highly advanced and well-maintained, malfunctions and accidents can occur. These can range from minor inconveniences, such as being sent to the wrong location, to more serious issues like exposure to harmful radiation or being stranded in a malfunctioning gate. However, these incidents are rare and are usually quickly resolved by the highly skilled technicians and scientists who operate and maintain the stargate network.