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Statistical physics second law

  1. Mar 13, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Phy...C-496C-9F3A-119740E1455B/0/microcanonical.pdf
    There they say that [itex]dS_2 = dE_2/T_2[/itex] and justify that with the statistical definition of temperature, where system 2 is a thermal reservoir for system 1. By thermal reservoir, I mean that system 2 is so large compared to system 1 that the heat added to it does not change its temperature.
    The statistical definition of temperature is
    [tex]\left(\frac{\partial S}{\partial E} \right)_{\delta Q = 0} \equiv 1/T [/tex]
    but how in the world does that imply the above equality?
    Why can S not depend on other things? I am very confused with all of this differential notation, so please explain your answer with lots of mathematical rigor.

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
    Last edited: Mar 13, 2008
  2. jcsd
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