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In my lecture notes on confidence intervals the lecturer wrote this:

I don't understand the notation of that bolded text. I know X is a random variable, μ is the population mean and σ is the population standard deviation but what does the ~ mean? Also the N(μ, σ

Recall that measurements tend to follow a normal distribution. To describe the normal distribution and answer useful questions (as in the previous chapter), we need to know two numbers; the expectation or mean μ and the standard deviation (square root of the variance) σ. Then the quantity we measure X follows the normal distribution:

X ~ N(μ, σ^{2})

I don't understand the notation of that bolded text. I know X is a random variable, μ is the population mean and σ is the population standard deviation but what does the ~ mean? Also the N(μ, σ

^{2}) I assume means normal distribution but is that some kind of standard notation for distributions? For example if I said N(23,9) would that mean the normal distribution with a mean of 23 and standard deviation of 9?
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