# Statistics: Tolerances

1. Feb 18, 2014

### USN2ENG

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

What is the probability that among a collection of 20 assemblies we have exactly 2 loose-fits and 1 interference fits?

P(loose-fit) = .1335
P(Interference fit) = .083

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

I am thinking that I just add the two binomial distributions together.

P(Loose = 2) = (20 choose 2)*.1335^2 * (1-.1335)^18
+
P(Interference = 1) = (20 choose 1)*.083^1 * (1-.083)^19

This comes out to: .25677 + .31998 = .57675

But, I feel like I am missing something. Anyone that can confirm or deny will be much appreciated!
Thanks!

2. Feb 19, 2014

### USN2ENG

Just in case anyone comes across this in the future. It is done by using the multinomial distribution. Apparently the binomial is a generalization of the multinomial with k=2. Good to know.

3. Feb 19, 2014

### Ray Vickson

It exactly opposite to what you say: the multinomial is a generalization of the binomial, and not the other way round.