Stokes Theorem Problem? How can Stokes Theorem be used describe a succession of 2 dimensional surfaces, all causally connected? The surfaces would all be closed geometric forms. An example would be the 2 dimensional surface of a 3 dimensional sphere. The the successive surfaces would be iterations from previous outer surfaces, where the next surface is "inside" or projected inwardly becoming an inner shell, from the larger previous iteration, and the future iteration would be projected outwardly to the outer shells. The past and future would be perfectly symmetrical and interchangeable. The past could be the inward surfaces projected outwardly also. There would be no x-y plane to use as an outside reference though. At most, the x-y plane would be equilateral dissections of the n-dimensional surfaces. How can it be done?