Stuck on calculating jerk in UCM

  • #1
265
2

Homework Statement


The question asks to calculate the jerk of an object (both its direction and magnitude) in uniform circular motion.

Homework Equations


j=d(a)/dt

The Attempt at a Solution


I know that the direction is opposite the velocity vector (I did this by drawing a circle and taking a limit of average acceleration as t approaches 0). I also know that the parallel component of jerk is 0 because the parallel component of acceleration in UCM is 0. I am stuck on the magnitude of the perpendicular component. I know that
[tex] \vec{a}_{\perp} = \frac{v^2}{2}(-r) [/tex] (the r is a unit vector)... can I just take the derivative of this? wouldn't that be 0? because v^2/r is a constant and there is no t. i am suck.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
gneill
Mentor
20,934
2,877
Perhaps start with a parameterized version of the motion?

##r(t) = R (cos(\omega t) \vec{i} + sin(\omega t) \vec{j})##

Should be easy enough to differentiate repeatedly...
 
  • #3
265
2
Perhaps start with a parameterized version of the motion?

##r(t) = R (cos(\omega t) \vec{i} + sin(\omega t) \vec{j})##

Should be easy enough to differentiate repeatedly...
where did you get that parameterized version?
 
  • #4
gneill
Mentor
20,934
2,877
It's just a conversion from polar form to rectangular form of a circle. x = R cos(θ), y = R sin(θ), where θ = ωt to make it time dependent.
 
  • #5
265
2
It's just a conversion from polar form to rectangular form of a circle. x = R cos(θ), y = R sin(θ), where θ = ωt to make it time dependent.
ok so, j_x = Rw^3sin(wt) and j_y = -Rw^3cos(wt) right?

the problem is however that my prof wanted us to express it interms of v and r. i dont really know how to convert from w to r.... we havent really talked about w yet.
 
  • #6
gneill
Mentor
20,934
2,877
It seems strange that you'd be learning about a concept like jerk without having covered the basics of rotational motion.

##v = \omega r~~ ; ~~a = \alpha r## are the basic relationships between angular and linear velocities and accelerations. You would profit from taking the magnitudes of each of the vectors along the differentiation path: position → velocity → acceleration → jerk. For example, the magnitude of the velocity vector is v = ω R.
 
  • #7
265
2
It seems strange that you'd be learning about a concept like jerk without having covered the basics of rotational motion.

##v = \omega r~~ ; ~~a = \alpha r## are the basic relationships between angular and linear velocities and accelerations. You would profit from taking the magnitudes of each of the vectors along the differentiation path: position → velocity → acceleration → jerk. For example, the magnitude of the velocity vector is v = ω R.
yeah, it was just one problem out of a list of 10 or so. our teacher kinda talked about w in the last 5 minutes of class on friday, but we haven't touched rotations yet... we havent even begun f=ma (school just started)
 
  • #8
Mister T
Science Advisor
Gold Member
2,719
937
the problem is however that my prof wanted us to express it interms of v and r. i dont really know how to convert from w to r.... we havent really talked about w yet.

our teacher kinda talked about w in the last 5 minutes of class on friday,

Did your teacher mention that v2/r = rw2?

Most classes have reading assignments in addition to classroom lectures, so maybe it's discussed in more depth there.
 
  • #9
265
2
Did your teacher mention that v2/r = rw2?

Most classes have reading assignments in addition to classroom lectures, so maybe it's discussed in more depth there.
he wrote on the board that v=ds/dt = r d(theta)/dt ... and d(theta)/dt is the same as w. that is all he talked/wrote about w. so sorry Mister T.... it was hidden in my notes... i guess he did write an equation relating the 2.
 
  • #10
Mister T
Science Advisor
Gold Member
2,719
937
ok so, j_x = Rw^3sin(wt) and j_y = -Rw^3cos(wt) right?

Right. So looking at the x-components and the y-components of the position vector and the acceleration vector, what can you conclude about the direction of those two vectors?

Now make the same comparison of the velocity vector and the jerk vector.

Can you find the magnitude of these vectors from their components?

These should lead you to being able to describe the magnitude and direction of the jerk vector, which is what your teacher is asking you to do.
 

Related Threads on Stuck on calculating jerk in UCM

  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
439
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
995
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
Top