Dr. Courtney mentioned in another thread about studying "smart" and hard when he was getting his 3.8-4.0 GPA as an undergrad. The way he said "smart" peaked my interest and I wish there was more expansion of that in the thread, but it kind of went off the deep end of anti-constructive. So I thought I'd pose the question to him and others what you all think studying smart means. My habits are pretty constructive, but I don't know if I'd call them smart or just overdone: 1. Read sections and do example problems and some of the lower ranked assigned problems before lectures. 2. Go into lecture with notes already made and adjust them according to the lecture. Ask questions I had during office hours that week. 3. Do more advanced problems from the book and other references to challenge myself. 4. Use solutions manuals to check understanding as I go. If a complete solution was necessary, I redo the problem until the method is ingrained into my head without need of any help. 5. Redo the practice exams over and over until, if it were the actual test, I'd have 100%. Does this follow as smart studying, and what would you add or take away from this list?