Stuff about e

  • #1
Okay, so I am in grade 12 calc and I was learning about e today, how the slope of the tangent at any point is also the y value at that point. What I was wondering is if there is a function that has the x value equal to the slope at any given point. I think it would look something like a parabola.

I tried to plug x in for slope to y=mx+b which results with y+x^2, but that does not have the property I am looking for. I also tried y=x^e, it doesn't work out.

Any thoughts?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
tiny-tim
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
25,832
251
welcome to pf!

hi e.mathstudent! welcome to pf! :smile:
… I was wondering is if there is a function that has the x value equal to the slope at any given point. I think it would look something like a parabola.
you mean dy/dx = x ?

hint: what is the derivative (the slope) of a polynomial? :wink:
 
  • #3
more stuff about e

does f(x)=(x^2)/2 work?
it has a derivative of x, so I am going to try that.
 
  • #4
Oh cool, it works. That was a way simpler answer than I expected.
 
  • #5
Are there any other cool properties about e or fun things to know?
 
  • #7
1,047
777
Are there any other cool properties about e or fun things to know?
Yes. There's a whooole book about it. I happen to be reading it right now: https://www.amazon.com/dp/0691141347/?tag=pfamazon01-20&tag=pfamazon01-20

I like e, perhaps moreso than even pi! It's quite easy to calculate the value of e on one's own, as it is the limit as n goes to infinity of (1+1/n)^n

You can plug in large values of n and calculate to whatever degree you'd like.

You can approximate it with a taylor series.

You can use the binomial theorem.

Have a few more things that I"ll share later, but my wife is home. lol
 
  • #8
Bacle2
Science Advisor
1,089
10
One way of looking at e ( as e^1 ) is this:

Assume you have an account of D dollars at a yearly interest rate of 100% , i.e., your account

doubles every year.

Now, say you can also compound the interest , e.g., instead of getting 100% yearly, you can

get 50% after 6 months, and then compound again by 50% six months after that . Then your

have (1.5)*(1.5)*D =2.25*D dollars, instead of 2*D dollars, by compounding twice. Now, you can

compound your money, not just twice yearly, but 3-, 4- or more times. If you compounded

infinitely-often (in the limit), your money will be multiplied, in the limit, by a factor of e, meaning

you will have e*D dollars at the end of a year by doing this continuous compounding.

In general, if your interest rate is x (as a fraction ) and you compound your account

continuously, your D dollars will be worth e^x dollars at the end of the year.
 
  • #9
1,047
777
The great e vs. pi debate (you will learn a bit, and actually quite funny).

In five parts:
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #10
1,047
777
The closest rational approximation of e using integers below 1000 is 878/323. (Source: Eli Maor's book mentioned above).
 
  • #11
43
0
Oh, e. Such an awesome constant. Leonhard Euler is one interesting man.
 
  • #12
43
0
The great e vs. pi debate (you will learn a bit, and actually quite funny).

In five parts:
Those videos are epic. :wink:
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Related Threads on Stuff about e

Replies
6
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
13
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
3K
Replies
17
Views
10K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
6
Views
988
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
36
Views
12K
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
22K
Top