1.) On a standard mechanistic view of chemical change as accidental change involving ordered aggregates, the new compund is sometimes taken to have emergent properties not present in the parts of the compound or in the chemical reactants that formed the compound. HOW WOULD SOMEONE WHO ACCEPTS CHEMICAL CHANGE AS SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE ANALYZE THE NEW PROPERTIES OF THE NEW COMPUND WITHOUT TAKING THEM AS EMERGENT PROPERTIES? WHAT IS THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO VIEWS RELEVANT TO THE EXISTENCE OF EMERGENT PROPERTIES? 2.) ASSUMING THAT ORGANISMS ARE SUBSTANCES, PROVIDE A METAPHYSICAL ANALYSIS OF THE NATURE OF PARTS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES IN ORGANISMS. ALSO, DESCRIBE THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF AN ORGANISM AND RELATE IT TO THE QUANTITY ON THE ONE HAND AND GENES ON THE OTHER HAND.