# Substitution nath help

## Homework Statement

integral of (2/(sqrt.(1-t^2))dt evaluated at sqrt.3 / 2 and root 2 / 2.

none

## The Attempt at a Solution

i believe its just substition.

u=t^3
du=3t^2
1/3 du = t^2

then you get 2/3(1/sqrt(1-u^2))dt

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tiny-tim
Homework Helper
hi jpd5184! (have a a square-root: √ and try using the X2 icon just above the Reply box )

i don't understand how you got 2/3(1/sqrt(1-u^2)) from (2/(sqrt.(1-t^2))dt lets see:

from the original equation:
u= t^3
du= 3t^2
(1/3)du=t^2

ok so i messed up. i accidently substituted u in for t^2 but u=t^3.

first i have to make sure my substitution values above are right and if using substitution is the right method for solving the problem. is it?

tiny-tim
Homework Helper
first i have to make sure … if using substitution is the right method for solving the problem. is it?
substitution is the right way to do it,

but i doubt that u = t2 or t3 is going to help …

try getting it right, and see Mark44
Mentor

Is this the integral?
$$\int_{\sqrt{2}/2}^{\sqrt{3}/2}\frac{2 dt}{\sqrt{1 - t^2}}$$

It might be that you can do this one with an ordinary substitution, but this one is a natural for a trig substitution, with t = sin(u), dt = cos(u)du.

BTW, in your substitution, you had u = t3, du = 3t2. You omitted the dt. Omitting this will definitely cause problems in some substitutions, particularly trig substitutions.

Is this the integral?
$$\int_{\sqrt{2}/2}^{\sqrt{3}/2}\frac{2 dt}{\sqrt{1 - t^2}}$$

It might be that you can do this one with an ordinary substitution, but this one is a natural for a trig substitution, with t = sin(u), dt = cos(u)du.

BTW, in your substitution, you had u = t3, du = 3t2. You omitted the dt. Omitting this will definitely cause problems in some substitutions, particularly trig substitutions.
that is correct, so what i have to do is use trig substitution. ill give it a try.

lets see:

u= arcsin
du= 1/(sqrt(1-t^2)) dt

i could then take the 2 outside the integral sign and get 2(integral of arcsin)

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper

## Homework Statement

integral of (2/(sqrt.(1-t^2))dt evaluated at sqrt.3 / 2 and root 2 / 2.

none

## The Attempt at a Solution

i believe its just substition.

u=t^3
du=3t^2
No, du= 3t^2 dt

1/3 du = t^2
No, 1/3 du= t^2 dt and since there is no "t^2" in the numerator, you can only replace dt with 1/3 du/t^2- and you have to replace that t^2 by a function of u.

then you get 2/3(1/sqrt(1-u^2))dt[/QUOTE]
No, you don't. All you have done is put 1/3 in front and replace "t" with u.
If u= t^3, then t= u^{1/3} and t^2= u^{2/3} sqrt{1- t^2} would become sqrt{1- u^{2/3}}. Also the dt= du/t^2 becomes du/u^{2/3}. With that substitution, the integral becomes
$$\int \frac{du}{u^{2/3}\sqrt{1- u^{2/3}}}$$
I don't think that is an improvement!

Substitution is right but much better is the substitution $t= sin(\theta)$. That way, $\sqrt{1- t^2}= \sqrt{1- sin^2(\theta)}= \sqrt{cos^2(\theta)}= cos(\theta)$ and $dt= cos(\theta)d\theta$. Also, you should change the limits of integration from t to $\theta$. The upper limit is $t= \sart{3}/2= sin(\theta)$ so that $\theta= \pi/3$. The lower limit is $t= \sqrt{2}/2= sin(\theta)$ so that $\theta= \pi/4$.

That way, the integral is
$$\int_{\pi/4}^{\p/3} \frac{cos(\theta)d\theta}{cos(\theta)}= \int d\theta$$
which is very easy!

That way, the integral is
$$\int_{\pi/4}^{\p/3} \frac{cos(\theta)d\theta}{cos(\theta)}= \int d\theta$$
which is very easy![/QUOTE]

so does that mean the integral of (pi/3)-(pi/4)
just the upper limit minus the lower limit

Mark44
Mentor

Fixed the upper limit of integration.
That way, the integral is
$$\int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/3} \frac{cos(\theta)d\theta}{cos(\theta)}= \int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/3} d\theta$$
which is very easy!
so does that mean the integral of (pi/3)-(pi/4)
just the upper limit minus the lower limit[/QUOTE]
Yes.

so it would be pi/3 - pi/4
this would be 4pi/12 - 3pi/12
which would be pi/12 for the answer

since its a integral would it be pi/12 + c

Mark44
Mentor

This is a definite integral. The answer is a specific number. For indefinite integrals, you add the constant, but not for definite integrals.

pi/12 isnt giving me the right answer

Mark44
Mentor

There is a factor of 2 that got lost along the way. The integral should be
$$\int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/3} \frac{2cos(\theta)d\theta}{cos(\theta)}= \int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/3} 2d\theta$$