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Sum of a series problem

  1. Feb 29, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Is the 50th partial sum, s_50, of the alternating series, "summation [(-1)^(n-1)] / n from 1-->infinity" an overestimate or an underestimate of the total sum? Explain



    3. The attempt at a solution
    First concern: Isn't every partial sum an underestimate for an increasing sequence and an overestimate for a decreasing sequence?

    Secondly, I saw that b_n = 1/n, which is a divergent sum. So since it is increasing and divergent, wouldn't the partial sum s_50 be an underestimate?

    This seems to be too easy a conclusion, so does anyone know if there is any other way to justify it?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 29, 2008 #2
    The book says it is an underestimate.
     
  4. Feb 29, 2008 #3
    I think that its an overestimate, notice that its 1 - (1/2) + (1/3) - (1/4) + (1/5) - ... = 1 - (1/2 - 1/3) - (1/4 - 1/5) - ..., in reality you're always subtracting from 1. By the way, this sum is equal to ln(2).

    Sorry for my previous post, I've messed up a bit :)
     
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