# Homework Help: Sum of a series

1. May 8, 2012

### arl146

Determine whether the series is convergent or divergent. If convergent, find its sum.

Summation (n=1 to infinity) (1+2^n) / (3^n)

I said that it is convergent from looking at the terms. The first couple of terms, you get:

1 + 5/9 + 9/27 + 17/108 + 32/243

It seems as if the numbers are converging to a number.

I don't know how to find the sum. All I know is, the sum of a series is equal to the limit of the sequence of partial sums. And from here I don't know what to do

2. May 8, 2012

### LCKurtz

You generally don't determine convergence or divergence by looking at a few terms. Think about geometric series.

3. May 8, 2012

### arl146

How do i determine it then? And i don't know how to move the terms around to get it to the form of a*r^(n-1)

4. May 8, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

$$\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty}\frac{1 + 2^n}{3^n} = \sum_{n = 1}^{\infty}\left(\frac{1}{3^n} + \frac{2^n}{3^n}\right)$$

Does that help?

5. May 8, 2012

### arl146

I did that .. About as far as I get .. Am I supposed to put this in a geometric series form? I'm confused

6. May 8, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

Under certain conditions you can split a series that is a sum into the sum of two series. The condition is that all series involved are absolutely convergent.

7. May 8, 2012

### Ray Vickson

If you sum from n = 1 to some finite N, then you have two finite geometric series:
$$\sum_{n=1}^N \left( \frac{1}{3^n} + \frac{2^n}{3^n} \right) = S_1(N) + S_2(N),$$
where
$$S_1(N) = \sum_{n=1}^N \left( \frac{1}{3}\right)^n \text{ and } S_2(N) = \sum_{n=1}^N \left( \frac{2}{3}\right)^n.$$ There is no difficulty here in splitting up the sum into two parts, because the sums all have a finite number of terms. Each of S1(N) and S2(N) have well-defined limits as N → ∞ (given, in fact, by the geometric sum formula), so we get a nice limit for the whole sum.

RGV

8. May 9, 2012

### arl146

Ok I did that too so for the (1/3)^n , a=1/3 and r=1/3? So that sum is a/(1-r) = (1/3)/(1-(1/3)) = 1/2

And for (2/3)^n, a=2/3 and r=2/3 so the sum is (2/3)/(1-(2/3)) = 2

And together that is 5/2 ok I got it now thanks! I always make the problems more difficult than they are

9. May 9, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

Don't do that!

10. May 9, 2012

### arl146

I know I wish I could stop that! By the way, so how do i find out of the series is convergent or divergent, since someone said that you can't do it by plugging in a few numbers

11. May 9, 2012

### micromass

Surely

$$\sum a_n+b_n=\sum a_n + \sum b_n$$

holds for every convergent series?? As long as you don't rearrange terms, I don't see why you need absolute convergence.

12. May 9, 2012

### arl146

Micromass, can you explain to me how to determine whether a series is convergent or divergent? Because I just plug numbers in and see if they seem to come to a certain number