My aim in this thread is to bring light to the physical foundations of the next event. 1) Assume there is a long open channel filled with water. Due to some difference of height between its extremes, there is an steady flow of water. Imagine there is an smooth obstacle of height [tex]z_o[/tex] (like a small and smooth hill) in the middle of the channel. Because of open channel flow theory we know that if the flow is subcritical upstream the obstacle and if the obstacle has enough peak height [tex]z_o[/tex] then it would be possible (not necessary) to have supercritical flow behind it. Now assume there is supercritical flow upstream the obstacle (with supercritical flow I mean Froude number is larger than unity [tex]F_r>1[/tex] and the contrary for subcritical flow). My question is: would it be possible to obtain subcritical flow just downstream the obstacle without the presence of an hydraulic jump? Those who don't know nothing about open channel flow could answer to this another similar question. Imagine a convergent-divergent nozzle in which inlet there is supersonic flow. Assuime the inlet flow is free of shock waves. Now the flow enters the nozzle and because of the reduction of section the flow is being slowed down progressively until it reaches the critical section (minimum area) where the flow is sonic. Once it enters the divergent section, the flow could be deccelerated to subsonic flow due to the dynamic diffusing effect. So that we will have a global transition of supersonic to subsonic flow without the presence of a shock wave. Is it possible?. I have some more questions about physics of open channel flow, but I'll wait for some brave guy who wants to give me some opinion of these. Regards, Javier.