I am familiar with changes that occur with capacitance and ESR when you connect supercapacitors in series or in parallel. My question is along those lines, but the answer is elusive to me... From schematics I have seen about supercapacitors imbedded in circuitry, the supercaps always have both electrodes(+,-) connected inside the circuit. Depending on how the electric circuitry is engineered, the supercaps can be in series or in parallel. What happens if each supercapacitor were connected independently directly to a power source with one electrode, and then to a circuit with a load with the other, and this circuit provided the exit for the current to close the total circuit? Think of power going into each supercap directly from a powersource into one electrode, and out of each supercap by connecting its other electrode to a circuit with some kind of load. Is this a parallel circuit? Is it something different? What happens to voltage across the supercaps, and the ESR? The reason I am baffled is because in connections both in parallel and series, the current going into the supercaps is always coming from the circuit. There is some kind of branching of the current pathway, but the current going into the supercap is the current moving through the initial wire coming from the source. In my scenario, each supercap has an independent connection to the source outside the general circuit, right? Sorry, my language is not technical. Please help me understand.