# Surface Integrals

Ok, so for Q6, I first said that

z = 3 - 3x - 1.5y

Using (∂z/∂x)^2 = 9, (∂z/∂y)^2 = 9/4

I then did a double integral of (x + y + (3 - 3x - 1.5y)) * sqrt(9 + 9/4 + 1) dA

Letting y and x be bounded below by 0 as stated, and x bounded above by 1 - 0.5y and y bounded above by 2, I went through the integral and got out 28.

Using pretty much the exact same method for Q7 I got the answer to be 2.

This is the first time attempting these sort of questions, really not sure if I'm doing it right. They only take a few minutes to do, so was hoping someone who was more confident in what they were doing could just check this for me, and let me know if I'm actually on the right track or not. Thanks a lot.

## The Attempt at a Solution

vela
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper

Ok, so for Q6, I first said that

z = 3 - 3x - 1.5y

Using (∂z/∂x)^2 = 9, (∂z/∂y)^2 = 9/4

I then did a double integral of (x + y + (3 - 3x - 1.5y)) * sqrt(9 + 9/4 + 1) dA

Letting y and x be bounded below by 0 as stated, and x bounded above by 1 - 0.5y and y bounded above by 2, I went through the integral and got out 28.
It sounds like you set it up correctly, but your final answer doesn't match what I got, which was 7.

Using pretty much the exact same method for Q7 I got the answer to be 2.
This is a different type of integral, so you can't use the exact same method to evaluate it. Show us your work in more detail.

Last edited:
Thanks a lot for the help.

Tried Q6 again, got the same answer, 28.

Q7 I did wrong, realised it's a different type of question and used a different method.

Put the coordinates into spherical polar coordinates, x=sinθcos∅ y=sinθsin∅ z=cosθ

dS=sinθdθd∅, and do the integral of F dot producted with the unit normal vector with respect to dS,

So got an integral of cosθsinθ, limits between 0 and pi/2 and 0 and pi, so got an answer of pi/2 out. That sound better?

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
Here is a standard method for both scalar and vector surface integrals:
Write the surface in terms of two parameters, x= f(u,v), y= g(u,v), z= h(u,v).
(This is always possible because a surface is two dimensional.)

Hence write the "position vector" of any point on the surface
$$\vec{r}(u,v)= f(u,v)\vec{i}+ g(u,v)\vec{j}+ h(u,v)\vec{k}$$

The two derivatives of that position vector
$$\vec{r}_u= f_u\vec{i}+ g_u\vec{j}+ h_u\vec{k}$$
$$\vec{r}_v= f_v\vec{i}+ g_v\vec{j}+ h_v\vec{k}$$
lie in the tangent plane to the surface at each point so their cross product
$\vec{r}_u\times\vec{r}_v$ is perpendicular to the surface and its length gives the "differential of surface area"

That is $d\vec{S}= \vec{r}_u\times\vec{r}_v dudv$ and

$dS= \left|\vec{r}_u\times\vec{r}_v\right|dudv$

Thanks, that's one of the methods I tried though, and I still got 28 for the first one.

vela
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Thanks a lot for the help.

Tried Q6 again, got the same answer, 28.
It doesn't really help to simply tell us the answer you got. All I can say is to try again.

Q7 I did wrong, realised it's a different type of question and used a different method.

Put the coordinates into spherical polar coordinates, x=sinθcos∅ y=sinθsin∅ z=cosθ

dS=sinθdθd∅, and do the integral of F dot producted with the unit normal vector with respect to dS,

So got an integral of cosθsinθ, limits between 0 and pi/2 and 0 and pi, so got an answer of pi/2 out. That sound better?
It's close, but not correct. What's the unit normal vector for ##d\vec{S}##?

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
the Well, I tried (6) myself and got 3.

As for (7), as I said above, I would not calculate dS or the unit normal. To find dS, you calculate the "fundamental vector product", and multiply dudv by the length of that vector. To find the unit normal, you do the same thing and divide by its length. If you take that seriously, you divide and multiply by the same thing!

$$\vec{r}(\theta, \phi)= cos(\theta)sin(\phi)\vec{i}+ sin(\theta)sin(\phi)\vec{j}+ cos(\phi)\vec{k}$$
find its "fundamental vector product" and multiply that by $d\theta d\phi$.

But it isn't really necessary to integrate at all! Note that for every point in the upper hemisphere, there exist a corresponding point on the lower hemisphere with the opposite sign on "z".

vela
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
the Well, I tried (6) myself and got 3.
Hmm, I got 7.

But it isn't really necessary to integrate at all! Note that for every point in the upper hemisphere, there exist a corresponding point on the lower hemisphere with the opposite sign on "z".
I just noticed the surface is only for y≥0 and z≥0, so the surface S is only a quarter of the sphere.

Just realized I made a really dumb mistake, and multiplied everything by 4, so for Q6 I did get the answer to be 7.

It's close, but not correct. What's the unit normal vector for ##d\vec{S}##?

Not quite sure what you mean vela by that.

Had another go, think I realized my mistake, got 2/3 this time for Q7. Pretty sure that's correct, thanks for the help.

vela
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
That's not correct.

Hope you can read that ok.

Only thing I can think of that I might not be doing is if I have to square z, as it's squared on the surface..?

Only recently started vector calculus, and finding it pretty hard to get comfortable with. Really appreciating the advice, thanks a lot.

vela
Staff Emeritus