# Surfaces @ Angles 2D Help

1. Jan 18, 2012

### ten2062

See attachement for required information.

#### Attached Files:

• ###### Bonus.jpg
File size:
17.2 KB
Views:
99
2. Jan 18, 2012

### Simon Bridge

You've got your ramp the wrong way around.

Draw a free-body diagram for the brick on the ramp.
hint: pick a frame of reference

(hell: I can't decide on the best hint!)
How you proceed depends on the reference frame - you can do it from the POV of the brick or from the POV of someone standing on the road.
Welcome to PF :)

Last edited: Jan 18, 2012
3. Jan 18, 2012

### SammyS

Staff Emeritus

Now we can see it.

4. Jan 18, 2012

The ramps not the wrong way round if the truck travels in reverse or is braking :)

My question, after drawing the free body diagram is should the force of the truck be proportional to the force parallel to the ramp, or the horizontal component of that force since the truck can only accelerate in the horizontal direction?

Thanks.

Last edited: Jan 18, 2012
5. Jan 19, 2012

### Simon Bridge

Thrice-kidded: welcome to PF.
Yes, you are correct ... except that the net force on the truck is explicitly to the right in the diagram.
It is just as valid to say that the net force is drawn the wrong way around and more precise to say that the force and ramp orientations are inconsistent.

But less fun :)

Note -

In the inertial frame, the brick is acted on by a net unbalanced force to the right so that it accelerates at the same rate as the truck.
If Fa is the force on the truck and M it's mass then the acceleration of both truck and brick is a=Fa/(M+m).
This means there is a net horizontal force on the brick, to the right, of Ftot=ma: m=mass of the brick.
All the forces in the FBD must sum to this one.

It may be more intuitive to look at it from the brick's perspective - but that involves pseudo-forces since the brick is not in an inertial frame.
The brick is in the same situation as you when you are in a car that is accelerating - it feels a horizontal force to the left pressing it against the ramp.
This and all the other forces on it must sum to zero - since the brick ain't going anywhere inside the truck.

It is usually better to do it the first way - get you used to thinking in terms of inertial frames.

Finesse:
The ramp is at a nice angle:
sin(30)=0.5, cos(30)=0.5√3

Last edited: Jan 19, 2012
6. Jan 19, 2012

Thanks for the welcome Simon, thanks for the appreciation of humour, and thanks for the clarification of the force we need to work with.

Thrice-Thanked.

Now, lets see if Child1 can make sense of the hint, can't just give them the answer can we.

7. Jan 19, 2012

### Simon Bridge

Well, if it's three times, it must be true.

Identifying the net force is actually the linchpin for the problem.
Now it's just a matter of identifying the forces you need to sum to get it.
Leaves only ten2062 to get back to us.