1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Tangent Plane to a Surface

  1. Dec 8, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A surface is given by the equation


    Find all points p on the surface where the tangent plane is parallel to the plane 12x+y-3z=0.

    2. Relevant equations

    I know the equation of a plane tangent to a surface at point (x0,y0,z0) is given by the equation

    z-z0= (partialz/partialx)(x0-y0)+(partialz/partialy)(x0-y0)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I can use the above equation to find the tangent plane at any certain point p, but I don't know how to find which ones are parallel to a certain plane.
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 8, 2008 #2
    By the way, this is on a review for my final exam. It's not homework, I just know that something similar will be on the final.
  4. Dec 8, 2008 #3
    Two planes are parallel iff their normal vectors are scalar multiples, and this happens just when the cross product of their normal vectors is 0. Combine this knowledge with that formula you have.
  5. Dec 8, 2008 #4
    *sigh* I did all the work but it came out wrong :(

    The normal vector of a plane ax+by+cz+d=0 is specified by [a b c], so the normal vector for 12x+y-3z = 0 is [12 1 -3].

    The normal vector of a surface f(x,y,z) at point (x0,y0,z0) is [fx fy fz], so the normal vector for 2x2+y2-z2=64 is [4x0 2y0 -2z0]

    [12 1 -3] X [4x0 2y0 -2z0] = 0

    <((1*-2z0)-(-3*2y0)), ((-3*4x0)-(-12*-2z0)),((12*2y0)-(1*4x0))>=0


    I don't know where I went wrong.
  6. Dec 8, 2008 #5


    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    You don't have to use cross product for this. You have [tex]k(12,1,-3)^T = (4x,2y,-2z)^T[/tex] The k is the scalar multiple. Just solve x,y,z in terms of k and put it into the equation of the surface to solve for k. Then you have the answer.
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?

Similar Discussions: Tangent Plane to a Surface