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Textbooks on Condensed Matter Physics

  1. Jun 25, 2005 #1

    Astronuc

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Condensed Matter Physics (seems comprehensive)
    Michael Marder
    Center for Nonlinear Dynamics, University of Texas, Austin

    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    PART I: ATOMIC STRUCTURE
    Chapter 1: The Idea of Crystals, page 3
    1.1, Introduction, page 3
    1.1.1, Why are Solids Crystalline?, page 4
    1.2, Two-Dimensional Lattices, page 6
    1.2.1, Bravais Lattices, page 6
    1.2.2, Enumeration of Two-Dimensional Bravais Lattices, page 7
    1.2.3, Lattices with Bases, page 7
    1.2.4, Primitive Cells, page 9
    1.2.5, Wigner--Seitz Cells, page 10
    1.3, Symmetries, page 11
    1.3.1, The Space Group, page 11
    1.3.2, Translation and Point Groups, page 11

    Problems, page 13

    References, page 15

    Chapter 2: Three-Dimensional Lattice, page 17
    2.1, Introduction, page 17
    2.1.1, Distribution Among Elements, page 17
    2.2, Monatomic Lattices, page 20
    2.2.1, The Simple Cubic Lattice, page 20
    2.2.2, The Face-Centered Cubic Lattice, page 20
    2.2.3, The Body-Centered Cubic Lattice, page 21
    2.2.4, The Hexagonal Lattice, page 22
    2.2.5, The Hexagonal Close-Packed Lattice, page 23
    2.2.6, The Diamond Lattice, page 24
    2.3, Compounds , page 24
    2.3.1, Rocksalt---Sodium Chloride, page 25
    2.3.2, Cesium Chloride, page 26
    2.3.3, Fluorite---Calcium Fluoride, page 26
    2.3.4, Zincblende---Zinc Sulfide, page 26
    2.3.5, Wurtzite---Zinc Oxide, page 28
    2.3.6, Perovskite---Calcium Titanate , page 28
    2.4, Classification of Lattices by Symmetry, page 28
    2.4.1, Fourteen Bravais Lattices and Seven Crystal Systems, page 30
    2.5, Symmetries of Lattices with Bases, page 32
    2.5.1, Thirty-Two Crystallographic Point Groups, page 32
    2.5.2, Two Hundred Thirty Distinct Lattices, page 36
    2.6, Some Macroscopic Implications of Microscopic Symmetries, page 37
    2.6.1, Pyroelectricity, page 37
    2.6.2, Piezoelectricity, page 37
    2.6.3, Optical Activity, page 38

    Problems, page 38

    References, page 41

    Chapter 3: Experimental Determination of Crystal Structure, page 43
    3.1, Introduction, page 43
    3.2, Theory of Scattering from Crystals, page 44
    3.2.1, Lattice Sums, page 47
    3.2.2, Reciprocal Lattice, page 48
    3.2.3, Miller Indices, page 51
    3.2.4, Scattering from a Lattice with a Basis, page 52
    3.3, Experimental Methods, page 54
    3.3.1, Laue Method, page 55
    3.3.2, Rotating Crystal Method, page 56
    3.3.3, Powder Method, page 58
    3.4, Further Features of Scattering Experiments, page 59
    3.4.1, Interaction of X-Rays with Matter, page 60
    3.4.2, Production of X-Rays, page 60
    3.4.3, Neutrons, page 61
    3.4.4, Electrons, page 61
    3.4.5, Deciphering Complex Structures, page 63
    3.4.6, Accuracy of Structure Determinations, page 64

    Problems, page 65

    References, page 67

    Chapter 4: Surfaces and Interface, page 69
    4.1, Introduction, page 69
    4.2, Geometry of Interfaces, page 69
    4.2.1, Coherent and Commensurate Interfaces, page 70
    4.2.2, Stacking Period and Interplanar Spacing, page 71
    4.2.3, Other Topics in Surface Structure, page 73
    4.3, Experimental Observation and Creation of Surfaces, page 73
    4.3.1, Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED), page 74
    4.3.2, Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction (RHEED), page 75
    4.3.3, Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), page 76
    4.3.4, Field Ion Microscopy (FIM), page 77
    4.3.5, Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM), page 77
    4.3.6, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), page 82
    4.3.7, High Resolution Electron Microscopy (HREM), page 82

    Problems, page 82

    References, page 85

    Chapter 5: Complex Structure, page 87
    5.1, Introduction, page 87
    5.2, Alloys, page 87
    5.2.1, Equilibrium Structures, page 87
    5.2.2, Phase Diagrams, page 89
    5.2.3, Superlattices, page 90
    5.2.4, Phase Separation, page 91
    5.2.5, Nonequilibrium Structures in Alloys, page 94
    5.2.6, Dynamics of Phase Separation, page 95
    5.3, Simulations, page 97
    5.3.1, Monte Carlo, page 97
    5.3.2, Molecular Dynamics, page 98
    5.4, Liquids, page 99
    5.4.1, Correlation Functions, page 99
    5.4.2, Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS), page 101
    5.4.3, Calculating Correlation Functions, page 103
    5.5, Glasses, page 103
    5.6, Liquid Crystals, page 107
    5.6.1, Nematics, Cholesterics, and Smectics, page 108
    5.6.2, Liquid Crystal Order Parameter, page 109
    5.7, Polymers, page 110
    5.7.1, Ideal Radius of Gyration, page 111
    5.8, Quasicrystals, page 115
    5.8.1, One-Dimensional Quasicrystal, page 116
    5.8.2, Two-Dimensional Quasicrystals---Penrose Tiles, page 121
    5.8.3, Experimental Observations, page 124
    5.8.4, Fullerenes, page 124

    Problems, page 125

    References, page 129

    PART II: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE
    Chapter 6: The Single-Electron Model, page 135
    6.1, Introduction, page 135
    6.2, The Basic Hamiltonian, page 137
    6.3, Densities of States, page 139
    6.3.1, Definition of Density of States ${D, page {140}
    6.3.2, Results for Free Electrons, page 141
    6.4, Statistical Mechanics of Noninteracting Electrons, page 143
    6.5, Sommerfeld Expansion, page 146
    6.5.1, Specific Heat of Noninteracting Electrons at Low Temperatures , page 149

    Problems, page 150

    References, page 153

    Chapter 7: The Schroedinger Equation and Symmetry, page 155
    7.1, Introduction, page 155
    7.2, Translational Symmetry---Bloch's Theorem, page 155
    7.2.1, Van Hove Singularities, page 160
    7.2.2, Fourier Analysis of Bloch's Theorem, page 163
    7.2.3, Kronig--Penney Model, page 166
    7.3, Rotational Symmetry---Group Representations, page 169
    7.3.1, Classes and Characters, page 175
    7.3.2, Consequences of point group symmetries for Schr\"odinger's equation, page 178

    Problems, page 181

    References, page 184

    Chapter 8: Nearly Free and Tightly Bound Electrons, page 185
    8.1, Introduction, page 185
    8.2, Nearly Free Electrons, page 185
    8.2.1, Degenerate Perturbation Theory, page 187
    8.3, Brillouin Zones, page 189
    8.3.1, Nearly Free Electron Fermi Surfaces, page 191
    8.4, Tightly Bound Electrons, page 194
    8.4.1, Wannier Functions, page 194
    8.4.2, Tight Binding Model, page 197

    Problems, page 199

    References, page 202

    Chapter 9: Electron--Electron Interactions, page 203
    9.1, Introduction, page 203
    9.2, Hartree and Hartree--Fock Equations, page 204
    9.2.1, Variational Principle, page 205
    9.2.2, Hartree--Fock Equations, page 205
    9.2.3, Numerical Implementation, page 209
    9.2.4, Hartree--Fock Equations for Jellium, page 212
    9.3, Density Functional Theory, page 214
    9.3.1, Thomas--Fermi Theory, page 216
    9.3.2, Kohn--Sham Equations, page 218
    9.4, Stability of Matter, page 220

    Problems, page 223

    References, page 226

    Chapter 10: Calculation of Band Structures, page 229
    10.1, Introduction, page 229
    10.2, Numerical Methods, page 230
    10.2.1, Pseudopotentials and Orthogonalized Planes Waves (OPW), page 230
    10.2.2, Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals (LCAO), page 235
    10.2.3, Plane Waves, page 237
    10.2.4, Linear Augmented Plane Waves (LAPW), page 240
    10.2.5, Linearized Muffin Tin Orbitals (LMTO), page 243
    10.3, Definition of Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors, page 246
    10.4, Brief Survey of the Periodic Table, page 248
    10.4.1, Noble Gases, page 248
    10.4.2, Nearly Free Electron Metals, page 250
    10.4.3, Semiconductors, page 252
    10.4.4, Transition Metals, page 252
    10.4.5, Rare Earths, page 252

    Problems, page 254

    References, page 258

    PART III: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
    Chapter 11: Cohesion of Solids, page 263
    11.1, Introduction, page 263
    11.1.1, Radii of Atoms, page 263
    11.2, Noble Gases, page 265
    11.3, Ionic Crystals, page 269
    11.3.1, Ewald Sums, page 270
    11.4, Metals, page 272
    11.4.1, Use of Pseudopotentials, page 275
    11.5, Band Structure Energy, page 276
    11.5.1, Peierls Distortion, page 277
    11.5.2, Structural Phase Transitions, page 279
    11.6, Hydrogen-Bonded Solids, page 280
    11.7, Cohesive Energy from Band Calculations, page 280
    11.8, Classical Potentials, page 282

    Problems, page 283

    References, page 285

    Chapter 12: Elasticity, page 287
    12.1, Introduction, page 287
    12.2, General Theory of Linear Elasticity , page 287
    12.2.1, Solids of Cubic Symmetry, page 289
    12.2.2, Isotropic Solids, page 290
    12.3, Other Constitutive Laws, page 295
    12.3.1, Liquid Crystals, page 295
    12.3.2, Rubber, page 298
    12.3.3, Composite and Granular Materials, page 301

    Problems, page 301

    References, page 303

    Chapter 13: Phonons , page 305
    13.1, Introduction, page 305
    13.2, Vibrations of a Classical Lattice, page 305
    13.2.1, Normal Modes, page 307
    13.2.2, Lattice with a Basis, page 309
    13.3, Vibrations of a Quantum--Mechanical Lattice, page 313
    13.3.1, Phonon Specific Heat, page 317
    13.3.2, Einstein and Debye Models, page 321
    13.3.3, Thermal Expansion, page 324
    13.4, Inelastic Scattering from Phonons, page 326
    13.4.1, Neutron Scattering, page 327
    13.4.2, Formal Theory of Neutron Scattering, page 329
    13.4.3, Averaging Exponentials, page 333
    13.4.4, Evaluation of Structure Factor, page 335
    13.4.5, Kohn Anomalies, page 336
    13.5, The M\"ossbauer Effect, page 336

    Problems, page 339

    References, page 340

    Chapter 14: Dislocations and Cracks, page 343
    14.1, Introduction, page 343
    14.2, Dislocations, page 345
    14.2.1, Experimental Observations of Dislocations, page 347
    14.2.2, Force to Move a Dislocation, page 350
    14.2.3, One-Dimensional Dislocations: Frenkel--Kontorova Model, page 350
    14.3, Two-Dimensional Dislocations and Hexatic Phases, page 353
    14.3.1, Impossibility of Crystalline Order in Two Dimensions, page 353
    14.3.2, Orientational Order, page 355
    14.3.3, Kosterlitz--Thouless--Berezinskii Transition, page 356
    14.4, Cracks, page 363
    14.4.1, Fracture of a Strip, page 363
    14.4.2, Stresses Around an Elliptical Hole, page 366
    14.4.3, Stress Intensity Factor, page 368
    14.4.4, Atomic Aspects of Fracture, page 368

    Problems, page 370

    References, page 373

    Chapter 15: Fluid Mechanics, page 375
    15.1, Introduction, page 375
    15.2, Newtonian Fluids, page 375
    15.2.1, Euler's Equation, page 375
    15.2.2, Navier--Stokes Equation, page 377
    15.3, Polymeric Solutions, page 378
    15.4, Plasticity, page 385
    15.5, Superfluid $^4$He, page 389
    15.5.1, Two-Fluid Hydrodynamics, page 392
    15.5.2, Second Sound, page 393
    15.5.3, Origin of Superfluidity, page 395
    15.5.4, Lagrangian Theory of Wave Function, page 400
    15.5.5, Superfluid 3He, page 403

    Problems, page 404

    References, page 408

    PART IV: ELECTRON TRANSPORT
    Chapter 16: Dynamics of Bloch Electrons, page 413
    16.1, Introduction, page 413
    16.1.1, Drude Model, page 413
    16.2, Semiclassical Electron Dynamics, page 415
    16.2.1, Bloch Oscillations, page 416
    16.2.2, k . P Method, page 417
    16.2.3, Effective Mass, page 419
    16.3, Noninteracting Electrons in an Electric Field, page 419
    16.3.1, Zener Tunneling, page 422
    16.4, Semiclassical Equations from Wave Packets, page 425
    16.4.1, Formal Dynamics of Wave Packets, page 425
    16.5, Quantizing Semiclassical Dynamics, page 430
    16.5.1, Wannier--Stark Ladders, page 432
    16.5.2, de Haas--van Alphen Effect, page 432
    16.5.3, Experimental Measurements of Fermi Surfaces, page 434

    Problems, page 437

    References, page 440

    Chapter 17: Transport Phenomena and Fermi Liquid Theory, page 443
    17.1, Introduction, page 443
    17.2, Boltzmann Equation, page 443
    17.2.1, Boltzmann Equation, page 445
    17.2.2, Relaxation Time Approximation, page 446
    17.2.3, Relation to Rate of Production of Entropy, page 448
    17.3, Transport Symmetries, page 449
    17.3.1, Onsager Relations, page 450
    17.4, Thermoelectric Phenomena, page 451
    17.4.1, Electrical Current, page 451
    17.4.2, Effective Mass and Holes, page 453
    17.4.3, Mixed Thermal and Electrical Gradients, page 454
    17.4.4, Wiedemann--Franz Law, page 455
    17.4.5, Thermopower---Seebeck Effect, page 456
    17.4.6, Peltier Effect, page 457
    17.4.7, Thomson Effect, page 457
    17.4.8, Hall Effect, page 459
    17.4.9, Magnetoresistance, page 461
    17.4.10, Giant Magnetoresistance, page 462
    17.5, Fermi Liquid Theory, page 462
    17.5.1, Basic Ideas, page 462
    17.5.2, Statistical Mechanics of Quasi-Particles, page 464
    17.5.3, Effective Mass, page 466
    17.5.4, Specific Heat, page 468
    17.5.5, Fermi Liquid Parameters, page 469
    17.5.6, Traveling Waves, page 470
    17.5.7, Comparison with Experiment in 3He, page 473

    Problems, page 474

    References, page 478

    Chapter 18: Microscopic Theories of Conduction, page 481
    18.1, Introduction, page 481
    18.2, Weak Scattering Theory of Conductivity, page 481
    18.2.1, General Formula for Relaxation Time, page 481
    18.2.2, Matthiessen's Rule, page 486
    18.2.3, Fluctuations, page 487
    18.3, Metal--Insulator Transitions, page 488
    18.3.1, Types of Impurities, page 488
    18.3.2, Impurity Scattering and Green's Functions , page 492
    18.3.3, Green's Functions, page 493
    18.3.4, Single Impurity, page 497
    18.4, Coherent Potential Approximation, page 499
    18.5, Localization, page 500
    18.5.1, Exact Results in One Dimension, page 501
    18.5.2, Scaling Theory of Localization, page 505
    18.5.3, Comparison with Experiment, page 509

    Problems, page 510

    References, page 514

    Chapter 19: Electronics, page 517
    19.1, Introduction, page 517
    19.2, Metal Interfaces, page 518
    19.2.1, Work Functions, page 519
    19.2.2, Schottky Barrier, page 520
    19.2.3, Contact Potentials, page 522
    19.3, Semiconductors, page 524
    19.3.1, Pure Semiconductors, page 525
    19.3.2, Semiconductor in Equilibrium, page 528
    19.3.3, Intrinsic Semiconductor, page 530
    19.3.4, Extrinsic Semiconductor, page 531
    19.4, Diodes and Transistors, page 533
    19.4.1, Surface States, page 536
    19.4.2, Semiconductor Junctions, page 537
    19.4.3, Boltzmann Equation for Semiconductors, page 540
    19.4.4, Detailed Theory of Rectification, page 542
    19.4.5, Transistor, page 545
    19.5, Inversion Layers, page 548
    19.5.1, Heterostructures, page 548
    19.5.2, Quantum Point Contact, page 550
    19.5.3, Quantum Dot, page 553

    Problems, page 556

    References, page 557

    PART V: OPTICAL PROPERTIES
    Chapter 20: Phenomenological Theory, page 561
    20.1, Introduction, page 561
    20.2, Maxwell's Equations, page 563
    20.2.1, Traveling Waves, page 565
    20.2.2, Mechanical Oscillators as Dielectric Function, page 566
    20.3, Kramers--Kronig Relations, page 568
    20.3.1, Application to Optical Experiments, page 570
    20.4, The Kubo--Greenwood Formula, page 573
    20.4.1, Born Approximation, page 573
    20.4.2, Susceptibility, page 577
    20.4.3, Many-Body Green Functions, page 578

    Problems, page 578

    References, page 581

    Chapter 21: Optical Properties of Semiconductors, page 583
    21.1, Introduction, page 583
    21.2, Cyclotron Resonance, page 583
    21.2.1, Electron Energy Surfaces, page 586
    21.3, Semiconductor Band Gaps, page 588
    21.3.1, Direct Transitions, page 588
    21.3.2, Indirect Transitions, page 589
    21.4, Excitons, page 591
    21.4.1, Mott--Wannier Excitons, page 591
    21.4.2, Frenkel Excitons, page 594
    21.4.3, Electron--Hole Liquid, page 595
    21.5, Optoelectronics, page 595
    21.5.1, Solar Cells, page 595
    21.5.2, Lasers, page 596

    Problems, page 602

    References, page 606

    Chapter 22: Optical Properties of Insulators, page 609
    22.1, Introduction, page 609
    22.2, Polarization, page 609
    22.2.1, Ferroelectrics, page 609
    22.2.2, Clausius--Mossotti Relation, page 611
    22.3, Optical Modes in Ionic Crystals, page 613
    22.3.1, Polaritons, page 616
    22.3.2, Polarons, page 618
    22.3.3, Experimental Observations of Polarons, page 623
    22.4, Point Defects and Color Centers, page 623
    22.4.1, Vacancies, page 624
    22.4.2, F Centers, page 625
    22.4.3, Electron Spin Resonance and Electron Nuclear Double Resonance, page 626
    22.4.4, Other Centers, page 628
    22.4.5, Franck--Condon Effect, page 628
    22.4.6, Urbach Tails, page 632

    Problems, page 633

    References, page 635

    Chapter 23: Optical Properties of Metals and Inelastic Scattering , page 637
    23.1, Introduction, page 637
    23.1.1, Plasma Frequency, page 637
    23.2, Metals at Low Frequencies, page 640
    23.2.1, Anomalous Skin Effect, page 642
    23.3, Plasmons, page 643
    23.3.1, Experimental Observation of Plasmons, page 644
    23.4, Interband Transitions, page 646
    23.5, Brillouin and Raman Scattering, page 649
    23.5.1, Brillouin Scattering, page 650
    23.5.2, Raman Scattering, page 651
    23.5.3, Inelastic X-Ray Scattering, page 651
    23.6, Photoemission, page 651
    23.6.1, Measurement of Work Functions, page 651
    23.6.2, Angle-Resolved Photoemission, page 654
    23.6.3, Core-Level Photoemission and Charge-Transfer Insulators, page 658

    Problems, page 664

    References, page 667

    PART VI: MAGNETISM
    Chapter 24: Classical Theories of Magnetism and Ordering, page 671
    24.1, Introduction, page 671
    24.2, Three Views of Magnetism, page 671
    24.2.1, From Magnetic Moments, page 671
    24.2.2, From Conductivity, page 672
    24.2.3, From a Free Energy, page 673
    24.3, Magnetic Dipole Moments, page 675
    24.3.1, Spontaneous Magnetization of Ferromagnets, page 678
    24.3.2, Ferrimagnets, page 679
    24.3.3, Antiferromagnets, page 681
    24.4, Mean Field Theory and the Ising Model, page 682
    24.4.1, Domains , page 684
    24.4.2, Hysteresis, page 687
    24.5, Other Order--Disorder Transitions, page 688
    24.5.1, Alloy Superlattices, page 688
    24.5.2, Spin Glasses, page 691
    24.6, Critical Phenomena, page 691
    24.6.1, Landau Free Energy, page 692
    24.6.2, Scaling Theory, page 698

    Problems, page 702

    References, page 705

    Chapter 25: Magnetism of Ions and Electrons, page 707
    25.1, Introduction, page 707
    25.2, Atomic Magnetism, page 709
    25.2.1, Hund's Rules, page 710
    25.2.2, Curie's Law, page 714
    25.3, Magnetism of the Free-Electron Gas, page 717
    25.3.1, Pauli Paramagnetism, page 718
    25.3.2, Landau Diamagnetism, page 719
    25.3.3, Aharonov--Bohm Effect, page 722
    25.4, Tightly Bound Electrons in Magnetic Fields, page 724
    25.5, Quantum Hall Effect, page 728
    25.5.1, Integer Quantum Hall Effect, page 728
    25.5.2, Fractional Quantum Hall Effect, page 733

    Problems, page 739

    References, page 742
     
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  3. Jun 25, 2005 #2

    Astronuc

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    Condensed Matter Physics (continued)

    Chapter 26: Quantum Mechanics of Interacting Magnetic Moments, page 745
    26.1, Introduction, page 745
    26.2, Origin of Ferromagnetism, page 745
    26.2.1, Heitler--London Calculation, page 745
    26.2.2, Spin Hamiltonian, page 750
    26.3, Heisenberg Model, page 750
    26.3.1, Indirect Exchange and Superexchange, page 752
    26.3.2, Ground State, page 753
    26.3.3, Spin Waves, page 753
    26.3.4, Spin Waves in Antiferromagnets, page 756
    26.3.5, Comparison with Experiment, page 759
    26.4, Ferromagnetism in Transition Metals, page 759
    26.4.1, Stoner Model, page 759
    26.4.2, Calculations Within Band Theory, page 761
    26.5, Kondo Effect, page 763
    26.5.1, Scaling Theory, page 768
    26.6, Hubbard Model, page 772
    26.6.1, Mean-Field Solution, page 773

    Problems, page 776

    References, page 779

    Chapter 27: Superconductivity, page 783
    27.1, Introduction, page 783
    27.2, Phenomenology of Superconductivity, page 784
    27.2.1, Phenomenological Free Energy, page 785
    27.2.2, Thermodynamics of Superconductors, page 787
    27.2.3, Landau--Ginzburg Free Energy, page 788
    27.2.4, Type I and Type II Superconductors, page 789
    27.2.5, Flux Quantization, page 794
    27.2.6, The Josephson Effect, page 796
    27.2.7, Circuits with Josephson Junction Elements, page 798
    27.2.8, SQUIDS, page 799
    27.2.9, Origin of Josephson's Equations , page 800
    27.3, Microscopic Theory of Superconductivity, page 802
    27.3.1, Electron--Ion Interaction, page 803
    27.3.2, Formal Derivation, page 806
    27.3.3, Instability of the Normal State: Cooper Problem, page 808
    27.3.4, Self-Consistent Ground State, page 812
    27.3.5, Thermodynamics of Superconductors, page 817
    27.3.6, Superconductor in External Magnetic Field, page 820
    27.3.7, Derivation of Meissner Effect, page 824
    27.3.8, Comparison with Experiment, page 827
    27.3.9, High-Temperature Superconductors, page 828

    Problems, page 833

    References, page 837

    APPENDICES

    Appendix A, Lattice Sums and Fourier Transforms, page 843
    A.1, One-Dimensional Sum, page 843
    A.2, Area Under Peaks, page 843
    A.3, Three-Dimensional Sum, page 844
    A.4, Discrete Case, page 845
    A.5, Convolution, page 846
    A.6, Using the Fast Fourier Transform, page 846

    References, page 848

    Appendix B, Variational Techniques, page 849
    B.1, Functionals and Functional Derivatives, page 849
    B.2, Time-Independent Schroedinger Equation, page 850
    B.3, Time-Dependent Schroedinger Equation, page 851
    B.4, Method of Steepest Descent, page 852

    References, page 852

    Appendix C, Second Quantization, page 853
    C.1, Rules, page 853
    C.1.1, States, page 853
    C.1.2, Operators, page 853
    C.1.3, Hamiltonians, page 854
    C.2, Derivations, page 855
    C.2.1, Bosons, page 855
    C.2.2, Fermions, page 856

    Index, page 859
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  4. Jun 26, 2005 #3

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    I really like Marder (from the little interaction I've had with it so far). I was only recently introduced to it, having grown up on Ashcroft & Mermin, and Kittel for all the basic concepts. It is definitely more rigorous (in most areas) than the other two.
     
  5. Jun 26, 2005 #4
    i think marder complements ashcroft and mermin in several ways - especially, in being more up to date and experiments-friendly. however, i do think it is much more loosely written - ashcroft and mermin takes the cake for rigor.

    in my experience, kittel is irritating if you are looking for more than an overview, but often is the best starting point for several things -especially areas where kittel made seminal contributions.
     
  6. Jun 27, 2005 #5

    Gokul43201

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    I should not have used the word 'rigorous' - I meant something more along the lines of 'extensive' or 'complete'.
     
  7. Jun 27, 2005 #6

    ZapperZ

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    I have always had the impression that Kittel is an undergraduate text, while Ascroft and Mermin is meant for either advanced undergraduate (who already had Kittel) or 1st year graduate. So we may be comparing apples to oranges here.

    So, no one else here use Chaikin and Lubensky's "Principle of Condensed Matter physics"?

    Zz.
     
  8. Jun 28, 2005 #7
    Who is Chaikin and Lubensky aimed for? I'm in the process of getting my hands on an advanced level CMP textbook and so far Ashcroft/Mermin has seemed like my best option.
     
  9. Jun 28, 2005 #8

    Astronuc

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    Principles of Condensed Matter Physics
    Cambridge University Press

    P. M. Chaikin
    Princeton University, New Jersey

    T. C. Lubensky
    University of Pennsylvania

    from Cambridge University Press

    Based on a knowledge of quantum and statistical mechanics, it would seem appropriate for a senior level (4th ot 5th yr) undergraduate or first year graduated student in physics. Of course, I defer to ZapperZ in this matter.

    See more online at - http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521432243

    At £47.50 ( ~ $86.2776 US / EUR 71.46 ) it seems relatively inexpensive.
     
  10. Jun 28, 2005 #9

    ZapperZ

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    You use Chaikin and Lubensky AFTER you have gone through Ashcroft and Mermin.

    Zz.
     
  11. Jun 28, 2005 #10
    All right. Ashcroft&Mermin will be my first purchace then.
     
  12. Jul 3, 2005 #11

    Dr Transport

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    If you have not done Kittel, try it first. Then move onto Ashcroft and Mermin. After that I can't tell you what to go after. If you are leaning towards optical properties of semiconductors, try Yu and Cardona. Marder seems comprehensive at a quick glance of the TOC. Chaikin and Lubensky I have never seen, so I cannot judge. My expertise lies in optical properties of semiconductors, so take that with a grain of salt.
     
  13. Jul 4, 2005 #12
    I've been through intro-level already. I haven't narrowed my interests down enough yet though. CM is such a huge field and almost everything under it seems to interest me.
     
  14. Jul 4, 2005 #13

    Gokul43201

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    Dr Transport, are you familiar with Bhattacharya's book on Optoelectronics ? Would you care to comment on it ?
     
  15. Jul 4, 2005 #14
    I forgot I had this books. I just looked throught it again, and it looks like it's could be useful for QCP.
     
  16. Jul 4, 2005 #15

    Dr Transport

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    I am not familiar with that text, I will be more than happy to take a look at it and give my impressions at a later point in time.

    Another optical properties text I would reccomend is Chuang, Physics of Optoelectronic Devices.
     
  17. Aug 31, 2005 #16
    Condensematter-Optical properties books

    Here are two important books on the "Optical properties of solids:

    1. F. Wooten - "Optical Properties of Solids"

    Comment : Excellent treatment, the standard reference quoted in many journal articles. Year of Public: 1976


    2. G. Gruner & M. Dressel - "Electrodynamics of Solids"

    Comment : A must have book, more recent developments, uptodate resutlts.

    Year of Publication : 2002 (approx)
     
  18. Sep 3, 2005 #17
    Chaikin and Lubensky' Book mainly focus on SOFT condensed matter physics,
    including polymers, liquid crystals, solutions, etc.
    If you are interested in solid state physics, you can consult book by J. Callaway.
     
  19. Nov 5, 2005 #18

    Bump! Callaway seems to be really expensive so I'll settle with the university library copy but I was wondering if there are cheaper alternatives? I'm also interested in getting a more recent grad level book that'd cover recent developements as well.
     
  20. Nov 5, 2005 #19

    Dr Transport

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    Yu and Cardona.......I consider it to be one of the best out htere which combines theory and experimental results.
     
  21. Nov 5, 2005 #20
    What's the name of the book? All I'm finding with just the names is some "Fundamentals of semiconductors" book.
     
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