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The Constant of Integration

  1. Feb 10, 2010 #1
    Hello!
    I was pondering over the relationship between differentiation and integration, and I arrived at the question: does the constant of integration play any role in integration when I'm not interested in an antiderivative?

    I think the answer is no, it doesn't play a role...

    If I am integrating a function f(x), then I times it by an infinitessimally small increase in x, and sum togeather an infiinite number of these 'small areas'. I know the function, and I know it value at every point. But if it is the antiderivative, then I cannot identify whether the function involved a constant or not before differentiating, and so when integrating the constant must be included...

    The reason I say this is because intgration by summation 'appears' to leave no ambiguity over the values of f(x). But:

    [tex] \int \left \left dy = \int \left \left \frac{dy}{dx} \left \left dx[/tex]

    (ignore the dx on the LHS, I have corrected the Latex, but it is updating.)


    does... Since here dy/dx has elliminated the constant, forever lost!

    I don't know if I've completely misunderstood! But I feel perhaps there's an important point which I'm not getting, and it's throwing me off course quite a bit.

    I would REALLY appreciate some help, any little points that you feel may guide me back in the right direction, or clear up some misunderstandings.
    My main goal is to understand the relationship between intgration and differentiation.

    Thanks in advance, nobahar.
     
    Last edited: Feb 10, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 11, 2010 #2
    Do you mean a definite integral? If you need to find a definite integral
    [tex]\int_a^b f(x) dx[/tex]

    any antiderivative of f(x) will give you the answer. Try it with the constant C with the antiderivative and you'll see that the constants cancel.
     
  4. Feb 14, 2010 #3
    Many thanks for the reply Bohrok.
    I was thinking more in terms of integration by summation, I just can't see where the constant of integration comes into this process.
     
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