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The Forces of Rolling

  1. Oct 22, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A hollow sphere of radius 0.45 m, with rotational inertia I = 0.026 kg m2 about a line through its center of mass, rolls without slipping up a surface inclined at 11° to the horizontal. At a certain initial position, the sphere's total kinetic energy is 80 J.
    (a) How much of this initial kinetic energy is rotational?



    2. Relevant equations

    KEi = KEf
    KE = (1/2)mv^2 + (1/2)Iw^2
    w = v/r


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I believe that with what I'm given I can solve for the mass of the object with rotational inertia and use that to find v? I also know that I'll have set one side of the equation equal to 80 and then solve for (1/2)Iw^2. I'm not 100% sure if finding v, then finding w and then finding (1/2)Iw^2 is the correct thought process..

    I'd really appreciate any help at all for this one
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 22, 2009 #2
    Hello there :)

    First of all, the proper symbol for Kinetic Energy is T - not KE :)

    The first thing you should do is to find the angular velocity. Do this by substituting v for [tex]\omega r[/tex] in the equation for the total kinetic energy. This will give you the angular velocity as a function of r, I, m and T.

    Next substitute this expression into the equation for rotational kinetic energy; that is

    [tex]T_\mathrm{rot}=\frac{1}{2}I\omega ^2[/tex]

    - that will give you the rotational kinetic energy as a fraction of the total kinetic energy. And yes, you will need to find the mass as well. You can find it from the Moment of inertia, like you had reasoned

    [Answer: [tex] T_\mathrm{rot}=\frac{I}{I+mr^2}T[/tex]]
     
    Last edited: Oct 22, 2009
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