... to becoming a professor. I was looking around and saw how difficult many people say it is to become a uni professor so I am going to skip that question "How Hard is it?!!?" but let me just make sure if i have this right Undergraduate(Bachelors) Graduate (masters) PhD. Postdoctorate Assisstant Professor (tenure track) Full time professor (tenured)...Here is my question how long does one do postdoc for? Because that isn't permanent is it? I think you do research make publications and then in due time they can ask you to make your own way right? I guess one could just choose to go into R&D right after they finish masters? or do you need phd for that too?