1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Thermodynamics Air Cannon

  1. Mar 22, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    1.75 J is required to fire a spherical pellet of radius 8.75 mm at a maximum velocity of 100 m/s

    Find appropriate values for the inital pressure and volume and final pressure and volume


    2. Relevant equations
    Adiabatic Expansion
    [tex]P_{1}V_{1}^{\gamma}=P_{2}V_{2}^{\gamma}[/tex]

    [tex]\gamma=1.40\qquad P_{2}=10^5\text{ Pa}[/tex]

    [tex]W_{\text{total}}=\frac{P_{1}V_{1}-P_{2}V_{2}}{\gamma-1}[/tex]

    [tex]
    \begin{align*}
    W_{\text{total}} &= W_{\text{atm}}-W_{\text{useful}} \\ \frac{P_{1}V_{1}-P_{2}V_{2}}{\gamma-1}&=10^{5}(V_{2}-V_{1})-1.75
    \end{align*}
    [/tex]

    3. The attempt at a solution
    [tex]
    \begin{align*}
    V_{2}&=V_{1}\left( \frac{P_{1}}{P_{2}} \right)^{\frac{1}{\gamma}}\\
    V_{2}&=V_{1}\left( \frac{P_{1}}{10^{5}} \right)^{\frac{1}{1.4}}\\
    \end{align*}
    [/tex]
    It is then possible to rearrange work equation into
    [tex]V_{1}\left( [P_{1}+4\cdot 10^{4}]-\left[ 1.4\cdot 10^{5}\left( \frac{P_{1}}{10^{5}} \right)^{\frac{1}{1.4}} \right] \right)=0.7[/tex]

    [tex]\text{Then using an arbitary guess for }V_{1}\text{ and an iterative process to find }P_{1}\text{ I found }[/tex]
    [tex]
    V_{1} = 10^{-5}\text{ m}^{3}[/tex]
    [tex]
    P_{1} = 420465\text{ Pa}[/tex]
    [tex]
    V_{2} = 2.79\cdot 10^{-5}\text{ m}^{3}
    [/tex]
    Giving a ridiculous barrel length of
    [tex]
    \begin{align*}
    L &= \frac{V_{2}-V{1}}{\pi r^{2}} \\
    L &= 0.0744\text{ m}
    \end{align*}
    [/tex]


    I'm not asking for a full solution; just a hint as to how to find out values that satify the criteria of work and have a reasonably small V_1 so that there can be many shots for say a 0.001m^3 tank
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 22, 2010 #2

    Andrew Mason

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    The pellet travels down a cylindrical barrel of length L whose cross-sectional area is [itex]A = \pi r^2[/itex] where r = 8.75 mm. So the final volume is LA. The minimum final pressure is 1 atm. Choose a reasonable length for the barrel, say .75 m. Find an initial volume and pressure such that the work done in adiabatically expanding to volume LA is equal to 1.75 J.

    AM
     
    Last edited: Mar 22, 2010
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Thermodynamics Air Cannon
  1. Air Cannon Physics (Replies: 1)

Loading...