# Homework Help: Thevenin Problem

1. Sep 5, 2011

### erok81

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

This one has a few parts, so let's start with part a. See attachment for circuit. I've got two drawings in the attachment. I'll label them A and B. Image A is the original circuit.

2. Relevant equations

None.

3. The attempt at a solution

My first step is to find set RL to open. I can use a voltage divider equation and find the voltage to be 16V.

The next (which is where I am stuck) is to find RL as a short. Shown by image B. My professor wasn't the best in showing this as he used some trick I have no clue how solved this way.

I can find ITOT using...

$I=\frac{V}{R} \Rightarrow \frac{24}{3+6//4}$

Solving for ITOT gives me 4.4A. My professor used this value and somehow came up with the current over the 4Ω resistor.

Then plugged it into..

$R_{th} = \frac{V_th}{I_{short}}$

To find the Thevenin equivalent.

How does one find the current when RL is a short?

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2. Sep 5, 2011

### Zryn

Did you mean for the parallel resistors in Diagram B to be 6R and 4R? They are labeled 6R and 3R currently.

Knowing the circuit series current allows you to determine how the current will split when it enters a parallel connection. The general way to do this is using the current divider formula:

$I_{n}$ = $I_{s}$ * $\frac{R_{other}}{(R_{other} + R_{n})}$

Where:

$R_{other}$ is the total resistance of the other resistors, $R_{n}$ is the resistance which you wish to find the current through, $I_{s}$ is the current being divided and $I_{n}$ is the current you want to find.