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This symbol ⇔

  1. Dec 5, 2015 #1
    i don't undestand this ⇔ on physics and math x + 5 = y + 2 ⇔ x + 3 = y i don't rember the physical equation that uses it.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 6, 2015 #2

    davenn

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    from my understanding.....
    it is saying what is on the left is the same as ( equivalent to) what is on the right of the sign
     
  4. Dec 6, 2015 #3

    Dale

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    It means "if and only if". I.E. logical equivalence. The expression on the left is true if the expression on the right is true, and the expression on the left is true only if the expression on the right is true.
     
  5. Dec 6, 2015 #4

    HallsofIvy

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    In this particular example, if x+ 5= y+ 2 then subtracting 2 from both sides, x+ 3= y. Conversely, if x+ 3= y then adding 2 to both sides gives x+ 5= y+ 2. That is, if x+ 5= y+ 2 is true, then so is x+ 3= y and, conversely, if x+ 3= y is true then so is x+ 5= y+ 2. Each side implies the other.
     
  6. Dec 6, 2015 #5

    davenn

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    thanks guys :)
     
  7. Dec 6, 2015 #6
    Well, I've learned something today. I shall most certainly be using this in maths, it will cut down on the amount of bull I write!
     
  8. Dec 6, 2015 #7

    HallsofIvy

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    Just a slight addition: "y= 3=> y^2= 9" but it is NOT true that "y= 3 <=> y^2= 9" because it is not true that "y^2= 9=> y= 3". If y^2= 9 y itself may be 3 or -3.
     
  9. Dec 6, 2015 #8

    sophiecentaur

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    That was IFF on my analysis course. Is that not used any more?
     
  10. Dec 6, 2015 #9
    So am I right in thinking that A<=>B means that if A is true, B is true and vice versa whereas A=>B means if A is true, B is true but B does not make A true?
     
  11. Dec 6, 2015 #10
    You could think left hand expression => right hand expression as left hand expression implies right hand expression
    left hand expression <= right hand expression as left hand expression is implied by right hand expression
    So left hand expression <=> right hand expression is LHE implies and is implied by RHE.
     
  12. Dec 6, 2015 #11

    Dale

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    I think both are used. It just depends on a particular authors preferences.
     
  13. Dec 7, 2015 #12

    sophiecentaur

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    IFF you say so!! :wink:
     
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