I have a distance versus velocity graph that gives me the braking distance for a train (for known gradients of track - but gradient is irrevelant for my problem). the graph has distance on the vertical axis and velocity on the horizontal axis. What i want to know is that for a given initial velocity, how long - in time - does it take the train to stop?
the graph equation i have worked out to be s=2.9u^2 + 29u (where s=distance, u=initial velocity)
(i was given several data points i.e. a train with an intial velocity of x km/h would take y m to stop)
The Attempt at a Solution
i thought i would invert the graph so to make velocity on the vertical and distance on the horizontal. doing this u=-2x10^-5s^2 + 0.09s
using newtons 2nd (?) law, v=u+at but since v=0 (i.e stopped), then u=-at. what i dont know is a (accelaration - in my case decelleration). but if change in velocity divided by change in time (dv/dt) is accleration and velocity is change in distance divided by change in time (ds/dt) then........
this is where i get lost
please help - it should be easy (i think but i hope not)