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I need to find whether or not a point is within an ellipse. The problem is that the ellipse is tilted at an angle and not at the origin. I've tried Googling everywhere and can't find a good equation for what I need. Does anybody know the formula for an ellipse that includes:

1. Coordinates of the ellipse's center

2. Length of major axis (diameter or radius)

3. Length of minor axis (diameter or radius)

4. Angle the ellipse is tilted relative to x or y axis (doesn't matter which, I can figure it out from there).

I'm doing astronomical research, and I'm trying to locate points within galaxies which are shaped like ellipses. The four things I listed are the things I am given.

Edit: I know I can translate and rotate my ellipse, but I would really like just one formula since I need to do this approximately 2,500 times for my astronomical research.

Another edit: Maybe this?

[tex](\frac{x cos\theta+y sin\theta - x_c}{a})^2 + (\frac{x sin\theta-y cos\theta - y_c}{b})^2 = 1[/tex]

a = major axis (radial)

b = minor axis (radial)

[tex]x_c[/tex] = x coordinate of center

[tex]y_c[/tex] = y coordinate of center

[tex]\theta[/tex] = Angle of tilt from x-axis

I kind of just mixed and matched formulas until I think I incorporated everything. Is it right?

1. Coordinates of the ellipse's center

2. Length of major axis (diameter or radius)

3. Length of minor axis (diameter or radius)

4. Angle the ellipse is tilted relative to x or y axis (doesn't matter which, I can figure it out from there).

I'm doing astronomical research, and I'm trying to locate points within galaxies which are shaped like ellipses. The four things I listed are the things I am given.

Edit: I know I can translate and rotate my ellipse, but I would really like just one formula since I need to do this approximately 2,500 times for my astronomical research.

Another edit: Maybe this?

[tex](\frac{x cos\theta+y sin\theta - x_c}{a})^2 + (\frac{x sin\theta-y cos\theta - y_c}{b})^2 = 1[/tex]

a = major axis (radial)

b = minor axis (radial)

[tex]x_c[/tex] = x coordinate of center

[tex]y_c[/tex] = y coordinate of center

[tex]\theta[/tex] = Angle of tilt from x-axis

I kind of just mixed and matched formulas until I think I incorporated everything. Is it right?

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