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## Main Question or Discussion Point

Here they discuss supersymmetry, SO(10) GUT, inflation, and domain walls.

Topological Pseudodefects of a Supersymmetric SO(10) Model and Cosmology

https://journals.aps.org/prd/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.063523

Obtaining realistic supersymmetry preserving vacua in the minimal renormalizable supersymmetric Spin(10) GUT model introduces considerations of the nontrivial topology of the vacuum manifold. The D-parity of low energy unification schemes gets lifted to a one-parameter subgroup U(1)D of Spin(10). Yet, the choice of the fields signaling spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to disconnected subsets in the vacuum manifold related by the D-parity. The resulting domain walls, existing due to topological reasons but not stable, are identified as topological pseudodefects. We obtain a class of one-parameter paths connecting D-parity flipped vacua and compute the energy barrier height along the same. We consider the various patterns of symmetry breaking which can result in either intermediate scale gauge groups or a supersymmetric extension of the standard model. If the onset of inflation is subsequent to grand unified theory (GUT) breaking, as could happen also if inflation is naturally explained by the same GUT, the existence of such pseudo-defects can leave signatures in the CMB. Specifically, this could have an impact on the scale invariance of the CMB fluctuations and Large Scale Structure data at the largest scale.

Topological Pseudodefects of a Supersymmetric SO(10) Model and Cosmology

https://journals.aps.org/prd/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.063523

**Topological pseudodefects of a supersymmetric SO(10)model and cosmology**

Ila Garg and Urjit A. Yajnik

Phys. Rev. D 98, 063523 (2018) – Published 20 September 2018Ila Garg and Urjit A. Yajnik

Phys. Rev. D 98, 063523 (2018) – Published 20 September 2018

Obtaining realistic supersymmetry preserving vacua in the minimal renormalizable supersymmetric Spin(10) GUT model introduces considerations of the nontrivial topology of the vacuum manifold. The D-parity of low energy unification schemes gets lifted to a one-parameter subgroup U(1)D of Spin(10). Yet, the choice of the fields signaling spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to disconnected subsets in the vacuum manifold related by the D-parity. The resulting domain walls, existing due to topological reasons but not stable, are identified as topological pseudodefects. We obtain a class of one-parameter paths connecting D-parity flipped vacua and compute the energy barrier height along the same. We consider the various patterns of symmetry breaking which can result in either intermediate scale gauge groups or a supersymmetric extension of the standard model. If the onset of inflation is subsequent to grand unified theory (GUT) breaking, as could happen also if inflation is naturally explained by the same GUT, the existence of such pseudo-defects can leave signatures in the CMB. Specifically, this could have an impact on the scale invariance of the CMB fluctuations and Large Scale Structure data at the largest scale.