Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Total energy of a dielectric sphere please help

  1. Aug 17, 2005 #1
    Total energy of a dielectric sphere please help!!!!

    I have a problem that I can not do after searching the net and looking through my notes and text book. I think it is a basic electomagnetic field question but i just cant get my head around it.

    The question is:

    The electric field E inside a dielectric sphere placed between the plates of a large parallel-plate capacitor is uniform. Given that the sphere has a relative dielectric constant "epsilon"(r) and radius r, find an expression for the total electric energy of the sphere.

    I was considering using the relationship


    Where U is the energy density and "EPSILON(0)" is the permitivity of free space and E is the electric field.

    But I dont know how to take this to get an expression for the total energy of the dielectric.

    Can anyone help me? I would really appreciate it


  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 17, 2005 #2
    The idea here is a basic boundary value problem. You know the field is constant outside, how does it change at the boundary of the dielectric? Once you have the equation of the electric field inside, integrate it over the volume of the sphere then plug it into your equation for the total energy U.

    (hint: what are the boundary equations on the E and D field between the vacuum and the dielectric? Or... do it from a potential standpoint... lots of ways to do this problem)
  4. Aug 18, 2005 #3
    cheers for that I shall be pondering on this later on

Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook